Herminium macrophyllum (D.Don) Dandy 1932

Photo by Naresh Swami and his Orchids of Sikkim Himalayas, Memoirs of an Orchid HunterWebsite

Plant and Inflorescence in situ

Photo by Magnus Liden

Drawing Drawing by by R Pantling and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Partial sun Cold LATESpringTHROUGH Summer

Common Name The Large Leaved Herminium - In CHina Er Pian Jioa Pan Lan

Flower Size .08 to .14" [2 to 3.5 mm]

Found in the Pakistan, the western Himalayas, the Chinese Himalayas, Assam and the eastern Himalayas on ridges, in juniper scrub, on yak grazed slopes, and in short grasslands at elevations 2800 to 4300 meters as a miniature to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with an ovoid-globose, pubescent tuber giving rise to a stem with overlapping, tubular, obtuse basal sheaths with 2 to 3, close together, oblong, oblong-elliptic to oblanceolate, acute to subacute, sessile, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the late spring through summer on a terminal, erect, glabrous, 1.5 to 3.6" [3 to 9 cm] long, densely many flowered inflorescence with small, ovate-lanceolate to triangualr, acute floral bracts and carrying pendent flowers

Synonyms Herminium congestum Lindl. 1832; Montolivaea unalaschensis Rydb 1900; *Neottia macrophylla D.Don 1825; Peristylus duthiei var. inayatii Deva & H.B.Naithani 1986; Peristylus macrophyllus (D.Don) Lawkush, V.Kumar & Bankoti 2013; Spiranthes macrophylla (D.Don) Spreng.1826

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Herminium congestum drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as H congestum; Indian Orchids: Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976 drawing Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora of China Vol 25 Orchidaceae Zhengyi, Raven and Duyuan 2009; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo ok;