Herminium lanceum (Thunb. ex Sw.) Vuikj. 1961

Photo by J B Comber courtesy of André Schuiteman, Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Plant and Flowers in situ Arunachal Pradesh

Photo by © Magnus Liden

Full Shade  Warm Cool LATE Spring Summer

Common Name or Meaning The Lanceolate Leaf Herminum - In China Cha Chun Jiao Pan Lan - In Thailand Ueang muang

Flower Size .1" [3mm]

Found in Mongolia, China, Japan, the Ryukyu Islands, Korea, Taiwan, Assam, Eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Pakistan, Western Himalayas, Myanamar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi, New Guinea and the Philippines in montane grasslands and pineforests at elevations of [900] 1200 to 2000 [3200] meters as a medium to large sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with erect stems carrying 1 to 4, 2 basal and larger, 2 higher up and smaller, linear to linear-lanceolate, acute leaves that blooms in the summer on an erect, slender, cylindrical, 10 to 24" [25 to 60 cm] long, densely 50 to 80 flowered inflorescence with a few sterile leaf bracts and has about 2/3's of the flowers open at any one time.

CAUTION! ! The lip of this species can be quite variable from short wih almost equal length lobes, to .2" [5 mm] long, outer lobes with the central lobe being 1/10 th as t long.

Synonyms Aceras angustifolium Lindl. 1832; Aceras angustifolium var. longicrure (C.Wright ex A.Gray) Miq. 1866; Aceras lanceum (Thunb. ex Sw.) Steud. 1840; Aceras longicruris C.Wright ex A.Gray 1859; Herminium altigenum Schltr. 1922; Herminium angustifolium (Lindl.) Benth. ex C.B.Clarke 1889; Herminium angustifolium var. brevilabre Tang & F.T.Wang 1951; Herminium angustifolium var. longicruris (C.Wright ex A.Gray) Makino 1896; Herminium angustifolium var. nematolobum Hand.-Mazz. 1936 Herminium lanceum var. longicrure (C.Wright ex A.Gray) H.Hara 1969; Herminium longicrure (C.Wright ex A.Gray) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951; Herminium minutiflorum Schltr. 1924; Herminium stenostachyum Tang & F.T.Wang 1936; Monorchis angustifolia (Lindl.) O.Schwarz 1949; Monorchis minutiflora (Schltr.) O.Schwarz 1949; *Ophrys lancea Thunb. ex Sw. 1800; Platanthera angustifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1878; Satyrium lanceum (Thunb. ex Sw.) Pers. 1807; Spiranthes lancea (Thunb. ex Sw.) Bakh.f. & Steenis 1950

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Platanthera angustifolia; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Aceras angustifolia; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile 2 Ames 1908 as H angustifolum; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Herminuium angustifolium drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905 as H angustifolium; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as H angustifolium; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 as H angustifolium drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfadden & Smitnand 1959 as H angustifolium drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as Spiranthes lancea drawing not; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1964 corrections; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 as H longicruris; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 as Herminium lanceum var. longicrure drawing fide; Indian Orchids: Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976 drawing fide; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976 as Spiranthes lanceum drawing not????; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 31 #3 Orchid Genera in Thailand V Orchidoideae Seidenfaden 1977 drawing fide; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981 as Herminium angustifolium; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Woods & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing/photo ok; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2005; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing ok/photo hmm; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 7—50. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;