!Herminium monorchis (Linne) R. Brown 1813Photo by Kristian Peters and His Korseby.net Website

Inflorescence Photo by T. H. Pain and His Orchids of France and Europe

Fragrance Part sunColdTo CoolSpring and Summer

Common Name The Single-Tubered Herminium - In China Jiao Pan Lan

Flower Size 1/4" [.625 cm]

Found in Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Finland, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Western russia, Central Russia, Eastern Russia, western Siberia, eastern Siberia, Kazakistan, Mongolia, China, Korea, Japan, Pakistan, western Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and the eastern Himalayas in dune slacks, fens in plains, short grasslands and marshes in hills and mountains at elevations to to 2400 meters as a miniature sized, cold to cool growing terrestrial orchid with an ellipsoid to globose tuber giving rise to an erect stem with linear-lanceolate, acuminate bracts and carrying on the lower half, 2 to 3, closely set, oblong-lanceolate, acute leaves that blooms on an erect, terminal, racemose, to 8" [20 cm] long, several to many flowered inflorescence with fragrant [musk] flowers all facing in the same direction and occuring in the spring and summer.

Synonyms Arachnites monorchis [L.]Hoffmanns. 1791; Epipactis monorchis (L.) F.W.Schmidt 1795; Herminium alaschanicum var. tanguticum Maxim. 1887; Herminium clandestinum Gren. & Godr. 1846; Herminium tanguticum (Maxim.) Rolfe 1903; *Ophrys monorchis Linne 1753; Ophrys triorchis St.-Lag. in A.Cariot 1889; Orchis chonorchis All. ?; Orchis herminium Gren. 1855; Orchis monorchis [L.]All. 1785; Satyrium monorchis Pers. 1807

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 10 1981 photo; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 drawing goodOrchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide as Herminium alaschanicum; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 drawing/photo fide;

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