!Herpysma longicaulis Lindl. 1840

Photo by K Keller and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Another Color form

Photo by Photo by Rici Ricardo

Plant and Flowers

Photo by Photo by Liu Jianwu

Full shadeWarmCool Winter

Common Name The Stemmed Herpysma - In China Pa Lan - In Thailand Ueang Phak Plap

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in the eastern Himalayas, Assam, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra and Vietnam in dense hill evergreen forests at elevations of 700 to 2400 meters as a medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial orchid with a long, creeping at base, erect higher up stem carrying to 9 ovate to ovate-lancolate, shortly acuminate, acute, narrowing below into the grooved petiolate base leaves that blooms in the winter on a terminal, pubescent, to 10" [ to 25 cm] long, subglobose, racemose, densely 8 to many flowered inflorescence with oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, ribbed floral bracts that are longer than the ovary.

Synonyms Erythrodes bracteata (Blume) Schltr. 1905; Herpysma bracteata (Blume) J.J.Sm. 1934; Herpysma sumatrana Carr 1933; Physurus bracteatus Blume 1859

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 drawing fide; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfadden & Smitnand 1959 drawing ok; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfadden & Smitnand 1965 corrections; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 5 257- 320 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1974 photo ok; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976 drawing fide; Dansk Botanisl Arkiv Orchid Genera in Thailand Vol VI Neottiodeae Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 drawing fide; ; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing hmm; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; A review on Spiranthoideae genera in Arunachal Pradesh Bulletin of Arunachal Forest Research 27 (1&2) : 1-33, Rao 2011 drawing/photo fide; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing/photo fide; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013 ; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide