Scaphyglottis bidentata (Lindl.) Dressler 2002

Photo by the Orchid Pavilion © .

Specimen Plant

Photo by Jay Pfahl © .

Plant in situ Panama

Photo by Wilfried Löderbusch


Common Name Bidentate Scaphyglottis

Flower Size to 1" [2.2 cm]

Found from Costa Rica , Panama, Colombia Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, Surinam, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil in low gallery forests at elevations below 2000 meters as a miniature sized, ho to cool growing epiphyte that has 3 to 4 segmented, with hairs at each segmental joint, narrowly elliptic pseudobulbs arising out of the apex of the bottom larger narrowly elliptcic pseudobulb and each segment has some root growth arising from the segmental joint and carrying 1 to 2, apical, linear, acute, basally clasping leaves. This species flowers through the summer and they occur on a short to 1 1/2" [3.75 cm] long, sheathed, racemose inflorescence with a few flowers arising from the apex of the uppermost pseudobulb segment.

The distinguishing characteristic between this species and Scaphyglottis imbricata is color on the lip. This species has a purple to maroon spot on the lip while S imbricata has a yellow area around the callus. The stigma is enclosed by column outgrowths in this species while in S. imbricata it is not.

Synonyms Hexisea bidentata Lindley 1834

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 26. Panama Schlechter 1922; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 112. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 203. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Schweinfurth 1959 as Hexisea bidentata; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1959; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 #8 1964; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 as Hexisea bidentatadrawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 8 449 - 512 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1976; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 778 Dodson 1982 drrawing fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 as Hexisea bidentata photo fide; Venezuela, Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 5 Withner 1998 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 3 2006 drawing fide; Orquideología Vol 26 #2 2009 photo fide; Orchid Species Of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide as Scaphyglottis bidentata; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 as Scaphyglottis bidentata photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 27 #2 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #11 2010 photo fideOrquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 as Scaphyglottis bidentata photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018; Orchids A Colombian Treasure Vol 3 Ortiz & Uribe 2019 as Hexisea bidentata drawing/photo fide;