Koellensteinia carraoensis Garay & Dunst. 1976

Plant and Flowers Photos by Maarten Sepp

Common Name The Carrao Kollensteinia [A river in Venezuela]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found from Venezuela, French Guiana and Surinam in wet forests at altitudes around 500 meters as a small sized, hot to warm growing terrestrial with cylindric pseudobulbs completely enveloped by imbricating sheaths and carrying, a single, plicate, elliptic, acute, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaf that is completely enveloped by grey and brown nervose, scarious sheaths and blooms in the spring on an erect, terete, smooth, dark maroon-red basally and grading to pale green at the raceme, to 12" [30 cm] long, several flowered inflorescence with a few pale pink-brown bracts and pale green floral bracts


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as K hyacinthoides drawing fide; *Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1967; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 4 Foldats 1970 as K hyacinthoides not drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 27 1648 - 1712 Brieger 1993 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing fide;