!Lacaena bicolor Lindl. 1843

Flower Closeup


Photos by Lourens Grobler

FragrantDeep Shade Cool ColdSpring

Common Name The Two Colored Lacaena

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua in elfin forest at elevations of 1100 to 2400 meters as a large to giant sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte, lithophyte or terrestrial in soils with sphagnum moss with ovoid, laterally compressed, longitudinally sulcate pseudobulbs carrying 2 to 4, plicate, oblanceolate to elliptic, acute to acuminate, coriaceous, 5 nerved, attenuate into the channeled petiolate base leaves that blooms in the spring on a basal, pendant, green, furfuraceous, racemose, 10 to 24" [25 to 60 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence with oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, scarious, concave, furfuraceous floral bracts and carrying waxy, rather bell shaped, fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Acineta longiscapa (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Rchb.f. 1852; Acineta wrightii J.Fraser 1889; Lacaena bicolor f. alba Rolfe 1910; Lacaena bicolor var. glabrata Lem.1854; Lueddemannia sanderiana Kraenzl. 1897; Peristeria longiscapa A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI Epidendra Website CR ; *Edwards's Bot. Reg. 29: misc. 68. 1843; Edwards's Bot. Reg. 30: sub pl. 50. 1844; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; The Orchids Of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1953; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing/photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 795 Hamer/Dodson 1982 drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 37/38 pg 2309 - 2436 Brieger 1999 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 5/6 Plate 596 Hagsater/Soto 2003 drawing fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 3 2004 photo; Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 7 2006 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 25 #1 2007 drawing/photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018