Laelia anceps Lindley 1835 SUBGENUS Laelia SECTION Podolaelia Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Plant in situ in Mexico Photo courtesy of Weyman Bussey.

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Common Name Two-edged Laelia in Mexico El Toro

Flower Size 2 1/2 to 4" [6.25 to 10 cm]

This is a medium sized, warm to cool growing species from Mexico and Honduras and is found from altitudes of 500-1500 meters as an epiphyte in coffee plantations, pastures, oak and oak/pine forests with a solitary leaf in tall scattered oaks, or on rocks below them or in pastures and coffee plantations, often in full sunlight, with ovate-oblong, compressed, edges acute, flattened-sides, ribbed pseudobulbs carrying 1 or rarely 2, apical, oblong-lanceolate, leathery, acute leaves that is an autumn to spring blooming plant with 3 to 6 scented, long-lasting flowers in a terminal cluster, per 2 to 4' [60 to 120 cm] long, alternately sheathed inflorescence, that needs a dry winter rest.

This is a truly great hardy drought-tolerant species from easten Mexico with fantastic flowers, L. anceps is a Christmas bloomer, angular 4" bulbs with a solitary thick dark green 8" leaf, long 2 foot spikes each with clusters of 2 to 5 flowers, the very showy 4" to 5" blooms are pale lavender with an intense crimson lip that has a yellow/red striped center, very easy to grow and fragrant, does very well outdoors down to 32 F.

Synonyms Amalia anceps (Lindl.) Heynh. 1846 ; Amalias anceps [Lindley] Hoffmannsegg 1842; Bletia anceps [Lindley] Rchb.f 1863; Cattleya anceps [Lindley] Beer 1854; Laelia anceps f. alba (Rchb.f.) M.Wolff & O.Gruss 2007; Laelia anceps f. chilapensis Soto Arenas 1993; Laelia anceps f. dawsonii (J. Anderson) Soto Arenas 1993; Laelia anceps subsp. dawsonii Rolfe 1922; Laelia anceps subsp. hallydayana (O'Brien) Rolfe 1922; Laelia anceps subsp. sanderiana (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1922; Laelia anceps subsp. schroederiana (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1922; Laelia anceps var. alba Rchb.f.1887; Laelia anceps f. chilapensis Soto Arenas 1993; Laelia anceps var. amesiana O'Brien 1888; Laelia anceps var. ashworthiana O'Brien 1894; Laelia anceps var. ballantineana L.Linden1898; Laelia anceps var. barkeriana (Knowles & Westc.) Lindl. 1837; Laelia anceps var. blanda Rchb.f. 1885; Laelia anceps var. chamberlainiana Rolfe 1895; Laelia anceps var. crawshayana auct. 1895; Laelia anceps var. delicata B.S.Williams 1885; Laelia anceps var. grandiflora B.S.Williams 1888; Laelia anceps var. hilliana Rchb.f. 1881; Laelia anceps var. hollydayana O'Brien 1894;Laelia anceps var. holocheila Rolfe 1891; Laelia anceps var. hyeana L.Linden & Rodigas 1889; Laelia anceps var. kienastiana Rchb.f. 1886; Laelia anceps var. leucosticta Rchb.f. 1885; Laelia anceps var. lineata O'Brien 1895; Laelia anceps var. morada Rolfe 1922; Laelia anceps var. munda Rchb.f. 1886; Laelia anceps var. obscura Rchb.f. ex B.S.Williams 1894; Laelia anceps var. oweniana auct. 1892; Laelia anceps var. percivaliana Rchb.f. 1883; Laelia anceps var. protheroana O'Brien 1896; Laelia anceps var. radians Rchb.f. 1888; Laelia anceps var. roeblingeana Rolfe 1898; Laelia anceps var. sanderiana Rchb.f. 1887; Laelia anceps var. schroederiana Rchb.f. 1885; Laelia anceps var. scottiana Warner & B.S.Williams 1888; Laelia anceps var. simondsii Rolfe 1901; Laelia anceps var. stella Rchb.f. 1866; Laelia anceps var. superba Regel 1855; Laelia anceps var. vestalis Rchb.f. 1880; Laelia anceps var. virginalis auct. 1887; Laelia anceps var. waddoniensis J.Greg. 1898; Laelia anceps var. williamsii Sander ex Warner & B.S.Williams 1885; Laelia barkeriana Knowles & Westc. 1837;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862 as Bletia anceps; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as L anceps var delicata; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 l anceps var sanderiana; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 9 1958 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 5 1979; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 1987 photo; Cattleya and Their Relatives Vol 2 Withner 1990 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 2 1993 photo; AOS Bulletin No 63 No 11 1994 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 59 No 2 1995; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 12 1997 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 65 No 5 2000 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 No 6 2001 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 6 2002 photo ; Icones Orchidacearum 5 - 6 Orchids of Mexico Part 2 - 3 Plate 597 Hagsater & Soto 2002; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 4 2004 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 71 No 4 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 4 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 11 2008 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 12 2008 photo

Laelia anceps f. alba (Rchb.f.) M.Wolff & O.Gruss 2007SUBGENUS Laelia SECTION Podolaelia Schlechter

Photo courtesy of Wilma Braga

An albino form of the flower.

Synonyms Laelia anceps var. alba Rchb.f.1887

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; AOS Bulletin Vol56 No 5 1987 drawing; Australian Orchid Review Vol 73 No 4 2008 photo;

Laelia anceps var. barkeriana (Knowles & Westc.) Lindl. 1837SUBGENUS Laelia SECTION Podolaelia Schlechter Photo courtesy of Edwin Whitmann

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 5 1981 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 5 1987 drawing;

Laelia anceps var. chamberlainiana Rolfe 1895 SUBGENUS Laelia SECTION Podolaelia Schlechter Photo courtesy of Allen Black.

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Laelia anceps Lindley 1836 var coerula SUBGENUS Laelia SECTION Podolaelia Schlechter Photo courtesy of Edwin Whitmann

A blue colored form of the previous species.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 5 1970;

Laelia anceps subsp. dawsonii Rolfe 1922SUBGENUS Laelia SECTION Podolaelia Schlechter

Photo by Lourens Grobler

Laelia anceps has been divided into 2 major groups Laelia anceps var anceps which are found on the eastern side of Mexico and L. anceps var dawsonii which are found in the western half of Mexico.

SynonymsLaelia anceps var. dawsonii J. Anderson 1865

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 5 1987 drawing; Australian Orchid Review Vol 73 No 4 2008 photo; Icones Orchidacearum 5 - 6 Orchids of Mexico Part 2 - 3 Plate 597 Hagsater & Soto 2002 drwawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum fascile 10 plate 1035 Hagsater & Soto 2008 drawing fide

Laelia anceps var. dawsonii J. Anderson 1865 subvar. ChialapensisSUBGENUS Laelia SECTION Podolaelia Schlechter

Plant in situ near the town of Chilapa, Guerrero at 5000 ft elevation, exactly.

Flowers in situ same as previous Photo courtesy of Weyman Bussey.

This particular subvariety has been called L anceps var Guerrero

Synonyms Laelia anceps f. chilapensis Soto Arenas 1993; Laelia anceps f. dawsonii (J. Anderson) Soto Arenas 1993; Laelia anceps subsp. dawsonii Rolfe 1922; Laelia anceps subsp. sanderiana (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1922; Laelia anceps subsp. schroederiana (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1922; Laelia anceps var. hollydayana O'Brien 1894; Laelia anceps var. sanderiana Rchb.f. 1887; Laelia anceps var. schroederiana Rchb.f. 1885; Laelia dawsoni Crawshay 1902; Laelia sanderiana (Rchb.f.) Crawshay 1902; Laelia hollidayana (O'Brien) Crawshay 1902; Laelia schroederae Crawshay 1902; Laelia schroederiana (Rchb.f.) Crawshay 1902

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 7 2005 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 12 2008 photo; Icones Orchidacearum fascile 10 plate 1035 Hagsater & Soto 2008 drawing fide

Laelia anceps var. hilliana Rchb.f. 1881 Photo by Lourens Grobler

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 5 1987 drawing;

Laelia anceps var. lineata O'Brien 1895 Photo by Lourens Grobler

Laelia anceps var. roeblingeana Rolfe 1898 Photo by Lourens Grobler

Another Color Variety

Laelia anceps Lindley 1836 var semi-alba Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl

Laelia anceps var. veitchiana Rchb. f. Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol56 No 5 1987 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 5 1996 photo cover; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 12 2008 photo

Laelia anceps var. vestalis Rchb.f. 1880 Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt, plant grown by Sunset Orchids.

Laelia anceps var. williamsii Sander ex Warner & B.S.Williams 1885 Photo by Lourens Grobler

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 5 1987 photo;

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