Lepanthes florenciana J.S.Moreno & D.Hoyos & Rincon 2022 SUBGENUS Lepanthes SECTION Lepanthes SUBSECTION Lepanthes Luer SERIES Lepanthes

Plant and side view of Flower

Photos by Estevan Dominguez and Phytotaxa 559 (1) 2022 Lepanthes florenciana (Orchidaceae: Pleurothallidinae), a new species from the Eastern Andes of Colombia J S Moreno . D Hoyos & Rincon 2022

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by J S Moreno and Phytotaxa 559 (1) 2022 Lepanthes florenciana (Orchidaceae: Pleurothallidinae), a new species from the Eastern Andes of Colombia J S Moreno . D Hoyos & Rincon 2022

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Common Name The Florencia Lepanthes [A city in Colombia]

Flower Size .12" [3 mm]

Found in Caqueta and Neiva departments of Colombia on the eastern slope of the Andes in very wet premontane forest at elevations around 1700 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cool growing epiphyte with slender, erect, ramicauls enveloped by 6 to 8, acuminate, ribbed and shortly ciliate lepanthiform sheaths and carrying a single, apical, occasionally suffused with purple on the abaxial surface, erect, browdly elliptic, apically contracted into an abaxial, small, central apiculum. cuneate and contracted below into the petiolate base leaf that blooms at most any time of the year on 1 to 2, borne near the apex of the ramicaul at the abaxial surface of the leaf, almost as long as the leaf, peduncle filiform, terete, .136 to .184" [3.4 to 4.6 mm] long, congested, distichous, .32 to .46" [.8 to 1.45 cm] long overall, successively single, 9 to 25 flowered inflorescence with conical, acuminate, shorter than the pedicel floral bracts.

"Lepanthes florenciana has a large and protruding column and sepals ovate-lanceolate to triangular. The most similar species to Lepanthes florenciana is the Colombian endemic Lepanthes niphas, subsection Breves found in Antioquia and Risaralda departments. Both species share similar small white crystalline flowers, but Lepanthes florenciana can be recognized by its leaves broadly elliptic (vs. narrowly ovate); the inflorescence as long as the leaf (vs. longer than the leaf); the lateral sepals 2-veined (vs. 1-veined); the petals transversely trilobed (vs. transversely bilobed) with the upper and lower lobe dolabriform (vs. the upper and lower lobe narrowly triangular) and a bilaminate lip with the blades lunate, the base rounded, the apex sub-acute with an oblong, pubescent appendix (vs. the blades semi-orbicular with a minute apiculum in the sinus)." J.S.Moreno & D.Hoyos2022

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

* Phytotaxa 559 (1) 2022 Lepanthes florenciana (Orchidaceae: Pleurothallidinae), a new species from the Eastern Andes of Colombia J S Moreno . D Hoyos & Rincon 2022 Drawing/photos fide;

LANKESTERIANA 23(2). Karremans, Moreno, Gil-Amaya, Morales, Espinosa, Mesa, Restrepo, Rincon-Gonzales, Serna, Sierra-Ariza and Vieira-Uribe 2023 photo fide;

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