Liparis cespitosa [Lamarck] Lindley 1825 SUBGENUS Cestichis SECTION Hologlossum Schlechter

Photo by Giuseppe Mazza and The Monaco Nature Encyclopedia Website

Another Flower?

Photo by Abiom and RVO Orchidtalk Website

Inflorescence

Photo by Dale and Deni Borders

Plant

Photo by David Kuehn

Drawing of var brevisscapa

Drawing by Seidenfaden

Full shadeCoolTo Hot Spring Summer

Common Name The Clumping Liparis - In Japan Giboshi-ran - In Chiona Chong Sheng Yang Er Suan

Flower Size 1/4" [.6125 cm]

This small sized, cool to hot growing epiphytic orchid is found from Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Mauritius, Reunion, Madagascar, Yunnan China, Assam India, eastern Himalayas, lower India, Sri Lanka, western Himalayas, Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Moluccas, the Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji New Caledonia, Samoa, Vanuatu and Japan on trunks and lower branches of evergreen lowland forests and primary highland cloud forests at elevations of 400 to 1900 meters with clumping, smooth, green pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, oblanceolate, stiff-textured, smooth, glossy green leaf that is basally jointed and is a spring and summer bloomer with an erect, densly many flowered, 9" [22.5 cm] long raceme with several [15], inverted flowers that open in succession over a long period. This orchid needs high humidity to be mounted, less to be potted in a bark mix, given deep shade and warm to cool temperatures. Reduce water and fertilizer through the winter months when growth stops but avoid letting the plant dry out completely

Synonyms Cestichis caespitosa (Lam.) Ames 1908; Cestichis cespitosa (Lam.) Ames 1908; Epidendrum caespitosum Lam. 1783;*Epidendrum cespitosum Lam. 1783; Leptorkis caespitosa (Lam) Kuntze 1891; Leptokhis cespitosa (Lam) Kuntze 1891; Leptorkis duthiei (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891; Leptorkis minima [Bl.] Kuntze 1891; Leptorkis obscura (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891; Leptorkis prainii (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891; Leptorkis pusilla (Ridl.) Kuntze 1891; Leptorkis revoluta (Hook. & Arn.) Kuntze 1891; Liparis angustifolia (Blume) Lindl. 1830; Liparis auriculata Rchb.f. 1872; Liparis caespitosa (Thouars) Lindl. 1825; Liparis caespitosa var breviscapa [Kerr] Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959; Liparis cespitosa (Thouars) Lindl. 1825; Liparis cespitosa var breviscapa [Kerr] Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959; Liparis cespitosa var. cleistogama Schltr. 1911; Liparis comosa Ridl. 1896; Liparis duthiei Hook.f. 1889; Liparis minima [Bl.] Lindl. 1830; Liparis minima var. neoguineensis Schltr. 1905; Liparis neoguineensis (Schltr.) Schltr. 1911; Liparis obscura Hook.f. 1889; Liparis poilanei Gagnep. 1929; Liparis prainii Hook.f. 1889; Liparis pusilla Ridl. 1886; Liparis pusilla var. breviscapa Kerr 1927; Liparis revoluta Hook. & Arn. 1832; Malaxis angustifolia Blume 1825; Malaxis caespitosa [Lam.] Thouars 1822; Malaxis cespitosa [Lam.] Thouars 1822; Malaxis minima Bl. 1825; Stichorkis cespitosa (Lam.) Thouars ex Marg. 2010; Stichorkis pusilla (Ridl.) Marg., Szlach. & Kulak 2008

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Historie Particulier des Plantes Orchidees Recueilles Sur Trois Iles Australes d'Afrique Thouars 1822 as Malaxis caespitosa drawing fide; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as L minima; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as L pussila drawing ok; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as L duthiei drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as L duthie; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Sm. 1908 drawing ok; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile 2 Ames 1908 as Cestichis caespitosa drawing fide; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1911; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1911 as L neoguineensis drawing fide; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 a L caespitosa var breviscapa drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections asL caespitosa var breviscapa; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 as L auriculata; Dansk Bot Arkiv Bind 31 Nr 1 Orchids of Thailand IV Liparis Seidenfaden 1976 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 8 1978 as L duthei; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 #8 1978 as L prainii; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 8 1978 as L pusilla; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing ok; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 as L duthei drawing fide; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 as L prainii drawing fide; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 drawing fide; Malawi Orchids Vol 1 La Croix 1983 drawing fide; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 2 Cribb 1984 drawing fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 2 Cribb 1984; Orchids of Nilgiris Joseph 1987 drawing fide; Orchids of Vanuatu Lewis & Cribb 1989 drawing fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo ok; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991 drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 as L cespitosa drawing/photo ok; Orchids of Malaya Segerback 1992 as L caespitosa photos fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 drawing fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 1 Pope 1995; The Orchids of Samoa Cribb & Whistler 1996 drawing fide; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation La Croix 1997; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; The Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 as L caespitosa photo ok; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sarawak Beaman, Wood & Beaman etal 2001; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003 as L poilanei; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol IV Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans 2007; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 2 2008; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Wild Orchids of the Cameron Highlands REACH 2009 photo fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 as L cespitosa photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Herman 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as L cespitosa; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 as L cespitosa drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 as L cespitosa photo plant only; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing fide/photo ok; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 photo fide; Turczaninowia 19 (2): 3449 Averanov, Vuong and Tam 2016 photo fide; Turczaninowia 19 (3): 558 L. V. Averyanov, Khang Sinh Nguyen etal 2016 ; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;

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