Liparis ferruginea Lindl. 1848 SUBGENUS Sturmia SECTION Liparis

Flower Closeup

Plant and Flowers

Photo by © Jaap Vermeulen, André Schuiteman and Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Full Shade Hot Cool Spring Summer

Common Name or Meaning The Rust Red Liparis - In China Xiu Se Yang Er Suan

Flower Size .2" [1 cm]

Found in the southeastern Fujian, Hainan China, Hong Kong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Java and Sumatra in lowland and lower montane forests in open swamp ground and among grasses at elevations of 200 to 1200 meters as a large sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial orchid with cylindrical, slightly flattened pseudobulbs carrying 3 to 6, unequally sized, narrowly lanceolate, acute, narrowing gradually below into the broad, petiolate base leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on an erect, stout, to 2'2" [to 65 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence with narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, deflexed floral bracts.

Synonyms Cestichis hensoaensis (Kudô) Maek. 1937; Empusa ferruginea (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005; Leptorchis ferruginea (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Liparis hensoaensis Kudô 1930; Liparis nigra var. hensoaensis (Kudô) S.S.Ying 1990; Liparis pratensis Ridl. 1923

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing good; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Dansk Bot Arkiv Bind 31 Nr 1 Orchids of Thailand IV Liparis Seidenfaden 1976 drawing fide AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 8 1978; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Orchids of Sarawak Beaman, Wood & Beaman etal 2001; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustration Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide