Liparis liliifolia (L.) Rich. ex Lindl. 1825

Photo by Carl Luer

Another Orchid

Another View

Photo by Zachary Bradford

Part shadeCold Spring Summer

Common Name The Lily-like Leaf Liparis - in US - The Lily Leaves Twayblade - The Mauve Sleekwort

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found from eastern Canada south to northern Alabama, Missippi, Arkansas and north to Minnesota and Wisconson in open woodlands, ravines and on the banks of woodland streams as a miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid with an ovoid pseudobulb completely enveloped by dry sheaths and carrying 2 basal, glabrous, glossy green, elliptical, acute leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on a terminal, erect, to 10" [to 25 cm] long, laxly many flowered racemose inflorescence.

Synonyms Achroanthes liliifolia (L.) Raf. 1836; Anistylis convallaria Raf. 1825; Cymbidium liliifolium (L.) Sw. 1799; Leptorkis liliifolia (L.) Kuntze 1891; Liparis liliifolia f. viridiflora Wadmond 1932; Malaxis liliifolia (L.) Sw. 1800; Mesoptera liliifolia (L.) Raf. 1833; Ophrys caroliniana Raeusch. 1797; *Ophrys liliifolia L. 1753; Ophrys trifolia Walter 1788; Sturmia liliifolia (L.) Rchb.f. 1852

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961 photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Luer 1975 drawing/photos fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of North America Williams 1983; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas Liferung #13 753 - 819 Liparinae 1983; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 5 1984 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 5 1987 photo fide; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 5 2009 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #6 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #8 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 89 #2 2020 photo fide