Liparis rufina Rchb. f. ex Rolfe 1897


Photos by Francisco Perez-Vera


Drawing by Perrier as L bicornis and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Common Name The Fox Red Liparis

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Senegal, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Central African Republic, Zaire, Angola, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia, south Africa and Madagascar in damp places in grasslands, wet meadows or amongst rocks, sometime within Mangroves at elevations of 100 to 1800 meters as a miniature to small sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial with underground, greenless, tubueroid, ovoid, sheathed pseudobulbs giving rise to usually 3, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, acute to acuminate, erect, plicate, subsessile leaves that blooms at most ant time of the year on an erect, to 8" [20 cm] long, rachis narrowly winged, 10 to 30 flowered inflorescence .

Similar to and often given as as synonym of L nervosa but this one has pseudobulbs hidden in the humus, below the ground and the leaves are narrow, less than 1.6" [3 cm], L nervosa on the other hand has pseudobulbs above the ground and the leaves are twice as wide

Synonyms Leptorkis bicornis (Ridl.) Kuntze 1891; Liparis bicornis Ridl. 1885; Liparis elata var. rufina Ridl. 1886; Liparis nyassana Schltr. 1915

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora of madagascar Perrier 1939/81 as L bicornis; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 # 10 1963; The Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi Morris 1970; Les Orchidees de Cote d'Ivorie Perez-Vera 2003 photo/drawing fide; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans, Du Puy, Cribb & Bosser 2007 as L bicornis; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Hermans 2009 as L bicornis; Orchidaceae of West Central Africa Szlatchetko etal 2012 drawing ok;