Liparis viridiflora [Blume] Lindley 1830 SUBGENUS Cestichis SECTION Hologlossum

Photo by David Bealer

Flower Closeup

Photo by Nick Doe

Part shadeColdTo Hot LATEFall EARLY Winter

Common Name Green-Flowered Liparis - In China Chang Jing Yang Er Suan - The Bottle Brush Orchid

Flower Size less than 1/4" [less than .6125 mm]

Found in Assam, Bangladesh, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, lower India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, China, Borneo, Java, the Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, New Guinea and Taiwan as a variable, small to medium sized, hot to cold growing epiphyte, terrestrial or lithophyte occuring in broadleaf, evergreen, lowland forests on highly eroded, stratified limestone cliffs and bluffs at 300 to 2500 meters, that has short and ovoid to long and cylindric pseudobulbs carrying 2, obovate-oblong or oblanceolate, obtuse, acute or acuminate leaves that blooms in the late fall to early winter on an erect, cylindric, to 10" [25 cm] long, slender, densely many flowered, racemose inflorescence with small, lanceolate, acuminate, scarious bracts and very small, crowded flowers.

Synonyms Cestichis longipes (Lindl.) Ames 1905; Cestichis pendula (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1888; Leptorkis longipes (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Leptorkis stachyurus (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Leptorkis triloba (Ridl.) Kuntze 1891; Leptorkis viridiflora (Blume) Kuntze 1891; Liparis boothii Regel 1864; Liparis longipes Lindl. 1830; Liparis longipes var. spathulata (Lindl.) Ridl. 1886; Liparis pendula Lindl. 1838; Liparis piestopus Schltr. 1925; Liparis pleistantha Schltr. 1919; Liparis simondii Gagnep. 1950; Liparis spathulata Lindl. 1840; Liparis stachyurus Rchb.f. 1872; Liparis triloba Ridl. 1886; Liparis viridiflora var. spathulata (Lindl.) A.N.Rao 2010; *Malaxis viridiflora Blume 1825; Stichorkis pendula Pfitzer 1897; Stichorkis viridiflora (Blume) Marg., Szlach. & Kulak 2008 ; Sturmia longipes (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1855

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as Sturmia longipes; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/95 as Liparis longipes; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as L longipes drawing fide; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as L longipes var spathulata drawing ok; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing hmm; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 L longipes; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 1 Ames 1905 as Cestichis longipes; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile 2 Ames 1908 as Cestichis longipes; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1911 as L longipes; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as L longipes; Orchidaceae 6: 94 Ames 1920 as L longipes; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 4 1966 as L simmondsii; Dansk Bot Arkiv Bind 31 Nr 1 Orchids of Thailand IV Liparis Seidenfaden 1976 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 8 1978 drawing fide; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 as L longipes drawing fide; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 L longipes var spathulata; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981 as L longipes; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981 as Oberonia viridiflora sic; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 drawing hmm; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas Liferung #13 753 - 819 Liparinae 1983 photo ok; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Orchids of Nilgiris Joseph 1987 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985; Orchids of Java Comber 1990; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Orchids of Penninsular Mayasia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 drawing ok; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Orchids of Sarawak Beaman, Wood & Beaman etal 2001; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo ok; The Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 photo ok; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 2 Tanaka 2004; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo good; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 as Liparis longipes photo fide; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 8 2006 photo fide; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 2 2008; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; Wild Orchids of the Cameron Highlands REACH 2009 as L viridicallus photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013 ; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 photo fide; Turczaninowia 19 (3): 558 L. V. Averyanov, Khang Sinh Nguyen etal 2016 ; Lankesteriana Vol 18 [1]: 2362 Jalal & Jayanth 2018; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;

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