Lycaste aromatica [Graham ex Hooker] Lindley 1843 SECTION Aromaticae Photo by ORCHIDEES EN NORD SFO - Section Nord

Plant and Flowers Photo courtesy of Allen Black

Another Plant Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl

to LATE and

Common Name The Sweet Scented Lycaste

Flower Size to almost 3" [to almost 7.6 cm]

A medium to large, cool to warm growing epiphyte on mossy branches, lithophyte on damp limestone cliffs or occasional terrestrial in tropical semi-deciduous forests or warm oak forests in ravines along streams from Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador, with ovate, compressed pseudobulbs subtended by fibrous sheaths and carrying deciduous, lanceolate, plicate, acuminate, basally clasping leaves, smells of cinnamon, and it blooms in late spring-summer along with the onset of new growth and there may be up to 10 erect, short to 6" [ 15 cm], brown sheathed , single flowered spikes per pseudobulb. They are a deciduous plant so as the leaves brown up to fall it is time to give less water. As a lithophytic grower it is often found on damp limestone cliffs or epiphytically on mossy trees in moist cool woodlands between 500 and 2000 meters and has ovoid, compressed, sulcate pseudobulbs with 2 to 3 apical spines after the leaf falls and several scarious sheaths at the base from which the inflorescence arises with 2 to 3 deciduous, plicate, oblong-elliptic to elliptic obovate, acuminate leaves that are absent at blooming. Similar to L crinita but differs in pseudobulbs and leaves less robust, the disc of the lip less pubescent, and the scapes are shorter as well as found on the eastern slopes of Vera Cruz and Chiapas instead of the western or Pacific slopes.

Synonyms Colax aromaticus [Hooker]Sprengel 1826; Lycaste aromatica var. hartleyorum Oakley 2001; Lycaste aromatica var. majus auct 1926; Lycaste aromatica var. retroflexa Oakley 2001; Lycaste consobrina Rchb.f 1852; Lycaste suaveolens Summerhayes 1931; *Maxillaria aromatica Hooker 1826; Maxillaria consobrina Beer ex Schlechter ?

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo ok; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 6 1960 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 5 1964; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; The Genus Lycaste Fowlie 1970; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 6 1978 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 6 1979 photo; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 827 Dodson 1983 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 831 Dodson 1983 as Lycaste suaveolens; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum I Plate 56 Hagsater and Salazar 1990 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 3 1991; Orchid Digest Vol 58 No 2 1994 photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 29 Schlechter/Brieger 1994 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 3 1997 photo; Orchid Australia Vol 11 No 6 1999 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 4 2004 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 2 2005 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 1 2006 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 71-74 2007 Oakley; Lycaste, Ida and Anguloa The Essential Guide Oakley 2008

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