Lycaste cruenta Lindl. 1843 SECTION Aromaticae Photo by Lourens Grobler

Another Clone Photo by Jay Pfahl.

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Common Name The Blood-Red Inner Lip Lycaste -In Mexico - Canelitas

Flower Size to about 4" [to about 10 cm]

This medium sized, cool to cold growing species occurs in Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica and El Salvador as an epiphyte or lithophyte at elevations of 1800 to 2200 meters with large, ovoid-oblong, compressed, spined pseudobulbs enveloped basally by several imbricating, scarious, sheaths and carrying several, deciduous, elliptic-lanceolate to broadly elliptic, plicate, acute or acuminate leaves that blooms in the spring on a lateral, several at once, to 7" [17.5 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence with several inflated sheath bracts that has waxy, long-lasting, spice, cinnamon, lemon to clove scented flowers and heavily spined psuedobulbs. Chiapas Mx., 1890m elev., near Teopisco, epiphytic on large oak limbs, in open oak woods, very plentiful.

Synonyms Lycaste balsamea A. Rich. 1847; Lycaste chrysoptera C.Morren 1849; Lycaste cruenta subvar. longibracteata Oakeley 2008; Lycaste cruenta var concolor Oakley 2008; Lycaste cruenta var longibracteata Oakley 2008; Lycaste cruenta var sulphurea Oakley 2008; Lycaste cruenta var sulphurea subvar longibracteata Oakley 2008; Lycaste rossiana Rolfe. 1893; Lycaste saccata A.Rich. 1847; Lycaste sulphurea Rchb.f. 1882; Maxillaria balsamea Beer 1854; Maxillaria chrysoptera (C.Morren) Beer 1854; Maxillaria skinneri Lindl. 1840; *Maxillaria cruenta Lindl. 1842; Selbyana cruenta (Lindl.) Archila 2010

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; AOS Bulletin Vol 14 #4 1946 photo fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Lycaste rossiana; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Lycaste rossiana var mattogrossensis drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 #6 1960 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #4 1967; The Genus Lycaste Fowlie 1970; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo ok; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 as L sulfurea drawing/photo ok; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 6 1978 photo fide as L balsamea; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 6 1978 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 6 1978 as L saccata photo ok; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 6 1978 photo fide as L sulphurea; AOS Bulletin Vol, 49 #8 1980 as L saccata photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Lycaste balsamea drawing/photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as L sulfurea drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 # 12 1982 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 #6 1983 as L rossiana Photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 9 1983 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 #4 1984 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as L balsamea drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as L sulphurea drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 #3 1991 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 3 1991 as L balsamea; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 3 1991 as L rossiana; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 3 1991 as L saccata; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 3 1991 as L sulphurea; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 3 1991; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen lieferung 29 1777 - 1840 Brieger 1994; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen lieferung 29 1777 - 1840 Brieger 1994 as L mattogrossense; Orchid Digest Vol 62 #1 1998 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 7 2004 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 71 #4 2007 photo fide; Lycaste, Ida and Anguloa The Essential Guide Oakley 2008; Icones Orchidacearum fascile 10 plate 1040 Hagsater & Soto 2008 drawing fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 78 #4 2014 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016; Orchid Digest Vol 83 #1 2019 photo fide;

Lycaste cruenta Lindl. 1843 var ? Photo courtesy of Noble Bashor.

Found in the same area as above. Determined by Dr. Henry Oakeley as an undescribed variety

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