Maxillaria friedrichsthalii Rchb. f. 1852

Photo by Gilberto Khouri

Plant and Flower

Photo by Walter Schug and His MesoAmerican Orchid Page

Another flower

Photo by Noble Bashor

Part shadeWarmTo Hot MOSTLY Springand Summer

Common Name Freidrichsthal's Maxillaria [German Orchid Collector 1800's]

Flower Size to 1 1/4" [to 3 cm]

Found from Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in wet montane forests at elevations of sealevel to 1500 meters as a small sized, hot to cool growing, stout, ascending, 2 leafed epiphyte with clustered, elliptic-oblong, slightly compressed, sulcate pseudobulbs enveloped basally by scarious sheaths, leaf bearing towards the apex and carrying 2 to 3 apical, ligulate, obscurely bilobed apically, conduplicate below into the base leaves and blooms mostly in the spring and summer on a lateral, short to 1.4" [3.5 cm], single flowered inflorescence with flowers variable in size and color, arising from the sheath of a mature pseudobulb and is held amid the leaves.

Synonyms Maxillaria turialbae Schltr. 1918; Rhetinantha friedrichsthalii (Rchb. f.) M.A. Blanco 2007

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR; *Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 10: 858. 1852; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 140. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 855 Dodson 1983 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 1 1985; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1347 Atwood 1993 drawing hmm; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 28 1713 - 1776 Brieger 1993 photo good; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 Drawing good; Harvard Pap. Bot. 5 #2: Carnevali etal. 2001; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Lankesteriana 7(3): 534. 2007 as Rhetinantha friedrichthalii; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 4 Morales 2009 as Rhetinantha friedrichsthalii photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Rhetinantha friedrichsthalii photo fide