Maxillaria coccinea [Jacq.] L.O.Williams 1954 sect. Ornithidium [Salisb.] Christenson 2013 TYPE for the sect. Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Nature Photo Website

Flower Closeup Photo courtesy of Andy's Orchids Copyright 2002 All rights reserved.


Common Name The Scarlet Maxillaria

Flower Size less than 1" [less than 2.5 cm]

Found in the Dominican Republic, Leewards, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago, Windwards, Venezuela, Colombia and Brazil in primary forests at elevations of 500 to 1000 meters as a medium sized, warm growing solitary leafed epiphytic species with a rhizome enveloped by scarious, overlapping, papery sheaths with ovoid, compressed pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, linear-oblong, acute or obtuse, conduplicate towards the base leaf that blooms in the spring and summer on a fascicle of wiry, 2 1/2" [6.5 cm] long, single flowered, lateral to descending inflorescence that arise from the base of the leaves.

Synonyms Camaridium coccineum [Jacq.]Hoehne 1947; Cymbidium coccineum [Jacq.] Willd. 1799; *Epidendrum coccineum Jacq. 1760; Helleborine coccinea multiflora Plum 1703; Ornithidium acaule Hoffmsg. 1843; Ornithidium coccineum [Jacq.] Salisb. 1812

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Ornithidium coccinium; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Ornithidium coccinium; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Ornithidium coccineum drawing good; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Camaridium coccineum drawing ok; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 drawing good; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 10 1992 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 28 1713 - 1776 Brieger 1993 as Ornithidium cocineum drawing fide/photo ok; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 2 2009 photo as Ornithidium coccineum; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #4 2015 as Ornithidium coccineum photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #3 2016 as Cymbidium coccineaum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #2 2017 photo fide;