Maxillaria rufescens Lindley 1835 sect. Rufescens Christenson 2013 TYPE for sect.

Photo by Danny Lentz, plant grown by the Atlanta Botanical Garden

Another Flower

Photo by Patricia Harding

Another Color Form

Photo by Jean Claude George


Common Name The Light Fox-Red Maxillaria

Flower Size up to 1 1/4" [3 to 4 cm]

Found in Guatemala, Belize, Leewards, Trinidad & Tobago, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil found on trees in wet tropical dense forests at elevations around 200 to 2000 meters as a wide ranging, small to medium sized, hot to cool growing, unifoliate, bracteate, pseudobulbous epiphyte with proximate, cylindrical to ellipsoidal, compressed, 4 angled pseudobulbs subtended by several, imbricate, distichous, membraneous sheaths and carrying a single, apical, sessile or shortly petiolate, narrowly elliptic, elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, coriaceous, acute leaf that blooms at any time of the year from a basal, erect, 1 to 2" [ 2.2 to 5cm] long, single flowered inflorescence arising from a mature pseudobulb that carries a campanulate, fragrant, vanila scented flower that is held a mid leaf height.

A fairly common easier growing species requiring moderate shade, humid conditions and regular waterings.

Synonyms Camaridium rugosum (Scheidw.) Hoehne 1947; Maxillaria abelei Schltr. 1921; Maxillaria articulata Klotsch 1853; Maxillaria fuscata Hort not Klotsch 1836 ; Maxillaria rufescens var. flavida Rchb. f. 1869; Maxillaria rufescens var. florida Rchb. f. 1869; Maxillaria rufescens var. flavida Rchb.f 1869; Maxillaria rufescens var. minor Fawc. & Rendle 1910; Maxillaria rugosa Scheidw. 1843; Maxillaria vanillodora Rchb.f 1857; Mormolyca rufescens (Lindl.) M.A.Blanco 2007; Xanthoxerampellia rufescens (Lindl.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Refugium Botanicum Reichenbach 1869 drawing fide; Refugium Botanicum Reichenbach 1872 drawing fide; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Maxillaria rufescens var flavida; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Maxillaria rufescens var minor; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten IV Peru Schlechter 1921 as M abelei; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 140. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:94 Schlechter 1924; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:144 Schlechter 1924; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Camaridium rugosum; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as M rufescens var flavida drawing fide; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 partial see Ramiro 2000 drawing/photo good; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 #8 1964; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing good; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 as M rufescens var flavidadrawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 partial see Ramiro 2000 drawing good; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 162 Dodson 1980 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 557 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1047 Dodson 1984 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 1 1985 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 17 #3 1988 as subgen Camaridium; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 113 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 28 1713 - 1776 Brieger 1993; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 2 2002 photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 as Mormolyca rufescens photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016 as Mormolyca rufescens; AOS Bulletin Vol 87 #1 2018 drawing fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Xanthoxerampellia rufescens;