Malaxis unifolia Michx. 1803 Photo by Carl Luer and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Plant in Situ USA

Another View

Another View Photo courtesy of Paul Johnson


Common Name The Single-Leafed Malaxis - The Green Adder's Mouth Orchid

Flower Size .1" to .2" [2 to 4 mm]

Found in the southeastern USA through Mexico and south to Honduras and El Salvador in dry woodlands and mesic pine flatwoods as a miniature to small sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial occuring in deep shade an erect, terete stem carrying midway up, a single, ovate, keeled, swollen basally into a false bulb that blooms in the late winter and spring to summer on an erect, few to many [3 to 80] flowered, arranged in a packed raceme that elongates with age

Synonyms Achroanthes ophioglossoides (Muhl. ex Willd.) Raf. 1808; Achroanthes unifolia (Michx.) Raf. 1808; Malaxis grisebachiana (Fawc. & Rendle) Fawc. & Rendle 1910; Malaxis ophioglossoides Muhl. ex Willd. 1805; Malaxis thlaspiformis A. Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Microstylis grisebachiana Fawc. & Rendle 1909; Microstylis ophioglossoides (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt. ex Eaton 1822; Microstylis unifolia (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 1888; Prescottia ophioglossoides (Muhl. ex Willd.) Spreng. 1826

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Microstylis grisebachiana; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as M grisebachiana drawing ok; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Microstylis ophioglossioides; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 5 1964 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo ok; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing hmm; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1231 Dodson 1985 drawing ok?; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 4 2000; The Wild Orchids of Florida Brown 2002