!Myrmecophila tibicinis [Bateman] Rolfe 1917 SUBGENUS Chaunoschomburgkia

Another Flower Photos by © Jay Pfahl

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Common Name The Trumpet Player's Schomburgkia

Flower Size 2 to 3" [5 to 7.5 cm]

A giant sized, warm to hot growing epiphyte and sometimes lithophyte with several leaves that is found from Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Costa Rica, Venezuela and Colombia in seasonally dry deciduous forests on trunks and larger branches often in full sun at elevations of 300 to 600 meters, it has huge, 18" [45 cm],hollow, sulcate, conic to cylindric psuedobulbs that are hollow and have a entrance at the base so that in the wild always has ants living in them. There are 2 to 5 apical, elliptic-ovate leaves. These plants bloom in March or April and can be grown with year round watering although it is better to give less through the winter. These plants must be mounted on a large wood mount as they do not like to be disturbed, and it does not take long for it to cover a branch. They have up to 15' [450 cm] long, erect, paniculate spikes with the successively opening, fragrant flowers in a cluster at the apex so thought must be put into space so the spikes don't get broken. It can be confused with M brysiana but differs in having larger magenta flower with a larger column while M brysiana has much smaller yellow flowers with shorter columns.

The dried pseudobulbs of this species can be fashioned to make a trumpet to call the children home from their playtime hence the common name.

Synonyms Bletia tibicinis [Batem] Rchb.f 1862; Cattleya tibicinis Beer 1854; *Epidendrum tibicinis Bateman ex Lindley 1838; Laelia tibicinis [Batem. ex Lindley] L.O.Wms. 1941; Myrmecophila grandiflora (Lindl.) Carnevali & J.L.Tapia & I.Ramírez 2001.; Schomburgkia brysiana var intermedia Jones 1972; Schomburgkia grandiflora (Lindl.) Sander 1901; Schomburgkia intermedia (H.G.Jones) Withner 1993; Schomburgkia tibicinis [Batem. ex Lindley] Batem. 1841; Schomburgkia tibicinis var grandiflora Lindley 1845

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Mexico and Guatemala Bateman 1843 as Schomburgkia tibicinisdrawing fide; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862 as Bletia tibicinis; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Schomburglia tibicinis; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Schomburgkia tibicinis drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957 drawing as Laelia tibicinis; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 10 1957 drawing as Laelia tibicinis; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 5 1959 as Laelia tibicinis; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 10 1959 photo as Schomburgkia tibicinis; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 1 1963 photo as Schomburgkia tibicinis; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Laelia tibicinis; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970; Orquideologia Vol 12 3/4 1977/8; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979 as Laelia tibicinis; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1050 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 Orchidaceae Mc Vaugh 1985; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Withner Vol 3 1990 drawing/photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 4 COS 1992 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1566 Atwwod 1993 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 7 1996 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 No 12 2001 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 3 2006 drawing; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide;

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