!Neofinetia falcata [Thunb.]H.H. Hu 1925 Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl


Common Name In Japan - Fu Ran, The Wind Orchid - In China Feng Lan

Flower Size 1 1/4" [3 cm]

From Japan, Korea and the Ryukyu Islands, as a cool to cold growing epiphyte, found in areas that have shady summers, and because of the deciduous trees that they grow on, almost full sun in the winter, with a short, monopodial, complanate stem enveloped basally by conduplicate leaf bases carrying coriaceous, distichous, fleshy, conduplicate, linear-falcate leaves that blooms on a racemose, axillary, to 2/3/4" [7 cm] long, laxly several flowered inflorescence that appears in early summer through fall with nocturnal, fragrant flowers.

Best mounted on tree fern or cork yet it can be done in suspended pots with a very coarse mixture to allow air to get to the roots. The plant is a miniature to small sized, monopodial, vandanaceous plant that is under 5" tall.

Synonyms Aerides thunbergii Miq. 1866; Angorchis falcata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Angraecopsis falcata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914; Angraecum falcatum [Thunb.]Lindley 1821; Finetia falcata [Thunb.]Schlechter 1817; Holcoglossum falcatum [Thunb.]Garay 1972; Limodorum falcatum Sw 1799; Nipponorchis falcata [Thunb.]Masamune 1934; Oeceoclades falcata [Thunb.]Lindley 1833; Oeceoclades lindleyi Regel 1866; *Orchis falcata Thunb. 1784; Orchis fuciflora Crantz 1769; Vanda falcata (Thunb.) Beer 1854; Vanda pygmaea H.Laurentius 1868

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Angraecopsis falcata; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Angraecum falcatum drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 2 1960 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 5 1964 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 phot ofide; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 1 1983 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985 photo; Rudolph Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 16/17/18 945-1128 Brieger 1985 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 2 1987 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 No 2 1988 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 5 1993 photo; Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family Dressler 1993 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 58 No 2 1994 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 No 4 1994 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 12 1997 photo; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 7 1998 photo; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 7 2002 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 3 2004; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 2 2005 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 5 2005 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 7 2005 photo; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide

Neofinetia falcata. var Gekkeikan - Plant

Flowers Photo by John Wund

Neofinetia falcata var kisuzume plant

Root Tip Photo by John Wund

Neofinetia falcata var Koukakuden plant

Flower Photo by John Wund

Neofinetia falcata var Syojyo Plant and Flower Photo by John Wund