Hemipilia cucullata (L.) Y.Tang, H.Peng & T.Yukawa 2015 Hemipilia sect. Neottianthe Y. Tang & H. Peng

Side View of Flowers

Plant and Flowers in situ Japan

Photos by Hisanori Takeuchi and his Orchids of the World Website

Common Name The Hooded Hemipilia - In China Er Ye Dou Bei Lan

Flower Size .15 to .2" [3 to 5 mm]

Found in Poland, Ukraine, Russia, Siberia, China, Korea, Japan, western Himalayas, eastern Himalayas and Nepal on heathy grasslands and open hillsides at elevations of 2700 to 4500 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial with a slender stem carrying 1 to 2, basal, lanceolate-ovate, acute, reticulate, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaves that blooms in the summer on a 1.52" to 2.48" [3.8 to 6.2 cm] long, subdensely 8 to 18 flowered inflorescence with lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts.

Synonyms Coeloglossum alpinum Schur 1851; Coeloglossum purpureum Schur 1866; Gymnadenia cucullata (L.) Rich. 1817; Gymnadenia cucullata subsp. purpurea (Schur) E.G.Camus 1908; Gymnadenia cucullata var. maculata Nakai & Kitag. 1934; Gymnadenia monophylla Ames & Schltr. 1919; Gymnadenia pseudodiphylax Kraenzl. 1905; Gymnadenia scabrilinguis Kraenzl. 1905; Habenaria cucullata (L.) Hfft. ex Ledeb. 1852; Himantoglossum cucullatum (L.) Rchb. 1830; Neottianthe angustifolia K.Y.Lang 1997; Neottianthe cucullata f. albiflora P.Y.Fu1995; Neottianthe calcicola (W.W.Sm.) Schltr. 1924; Neottianthe cucullata (L.) Schltr. 1919; Neottianthe cucullata f. albiflora P.Y.Fu, S.Z.Liu 1995; Neottianthe cucullata f. maculata Nakai & Kitag. 1936; Neottianthe cucullata f. variegata (Y.N.Lee) M.Kim 2017; Neottianthe cucullata var. calcicola (W.W.Sm.) So 1929; Neottianthe maculata (Nakai & Kitag.) Nakai & Kitag. 1936; Neottianthe monophylla (Ames & Schltr.) Schltr. 1919; Neottianthe pseudodiphylax (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1919; Neottianthe pseudodiphylax var. monophylla (Ames & Schltr.) So 1929; *Orchis cucullata L.1753; Ponerorchis cucullata (L.) X.H.Jin, Schuit. & W.T.Jin 2014;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Gymnadenia cucullata; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Gymnadenia cucullata Rchb.f?; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Gymnadenia monophylla; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 photo ok; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 photo/drawing fide; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 as Neottinanthe cucullata drawing fide; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 as Neottiananthe cucullata var calciola; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide as Neottianthe monophylla; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide as Neottianthe pseudodiphylax; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 photos fide; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 as N monophylla photos fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 as N monophylla photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 as drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; Phylogeny and classification of the East Asian Amitostigma alliance (Orchidaceae: Orchideae) based on six DNA markers Ying Tang, Tomohisa Yukawa, Richard M Bateman, Hong Jiang & Hua Peng 2015; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 as Ponerorchis cucullata photo fide

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