Hemipilia secundiflora (Kraenzl.) Y.Tang & H.Peng 2015

Alba Form

Photos by Naresh Swami and The Orchids of Sikkim Himalayas/Memoirs of an orchid Hunter


Drawing by Hooker's Icones Plantarum vol. 24 pl. 2321


Common Name The Secund Flowered Hemipilia [refers to the flowers being all on one side of the inflorescence] - In China Ce Hua Dou Bei Lan

Flower Size .2 to .25" [5 to 8 mm]

Found in the western Himalayas, the Chinese Himalayas, the eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Sichuan and Yunnan China as well as Myanmar on banks and clearings in forests at elevations of 2400 to 4200 meters as a mini-miniature to just medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with globose to ellipsoid tubers giving rise to an erect to recurved, bracteate above stem carrying 2 to 3, distant, linear to linear-oblong, acute to acuminate, sessile, basally clasping leaf that blooms in the late summer on an erect, secund, glabrous, 1.2 to 4.4" [3 to 11 cm] long, subdensely 7 to many flowered inflorescence with linear-lanceolate, acuminate, minutely glandular-ciliate margined floral bracts.

Synonyms Gymnadenia secundiflora (Kraenzl.) Kraenzl. 1901; Habenaria secundiflora Hook.f. 1890; Neottianthe mairei Schltr. 1921; Neottianthe secundiflora (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1919; *Peristylus secundiflorus Kraenzl. 1898; Ponerorchis secundiflora (Kraenzl.) X.H.Jin, Schuit. & W.T.Jin 2014

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Habenaria secundiflora drawing fife; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as habenaria secundiflora; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1971 as Habenaria secundiflora; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 as Neottinanthe secundiflora; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; Phylogeny and classification of the East Asian Amitostigma alliance (Orchidaceae: Orchideae) based on six DNA markers Ying Tang, Tomohisa Yukawa, Richard M Bateman, Hong Jiang & Hua Peng 2015