Epidendrum schweinfurthianum Correll 1947 GROUP Oerstedella SUBGROUP Wallisii

Photo by © Eric Hunt

Another Clone

Plant and Inflorescence

Photos by © Weyman Bussey


Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

to and EARLY

Common Name Schweinfurth's Epidendrum [American Botanist 1900's]

Flower Size 1 1/2" [3.75 cm]

Found in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador at elevations around 1500 to 2400 meters as a large to giant sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with tall leafy stem that can exceed 14 feet [4.27 meters] tall, it flowers profusely with beautiful branching heads of 1 1/2" {3.75 cm] blooms, purple on the outside and orange-purple inside with yellow tips and a purple multi-lobed lip, plants will stay under 4ft {1.22 meters] if grown in full sun. Blooming occurs in the fall to early winter. This plant has slender, simple, cane-like, terete, thin, erect to arching stems enveloped basally by tubular, leafless sheaths and carrying alternate, articulate, lanceolate, acute, minutely apiculate, subcoriaceous leaves all held in the apical half and blooms on a racemose to 4" [10 cm] long, few flowered inflorescence that may be racemose or paniculate.

"Epidendrum schweinfurthlanum belongs to the GROUP Oerstedella SUBGROUP Wallisii . The species is recognized by the tall, elongate stems with narrow .16 to .72" [4 to 18 mm] wide, lanceolate leaves, very fleshy, showy flowers with copper-orange sepals and petals and the violet-pink lip with multiple radiating keels, the lateral lobes emarginate and slightly bilobed the basal lobe rounded, the front lobe acute, Epidendrum pinniferum C.Schweinf. has strong tall, unbranched stems, with elliptic, somewhat wider leaves to .144" [36 mm] wide, yellow-brown sepals and petals near the apex and underside; the lateral lobes of the lip are subquadrate and entire. Epidendrum pseudoschumannianum Fowlie also has pale orange flowers, but these are densely marked with reddish-brown dots and the lip is violet with the margin whitish." Hagsater 2006

Synonyms Oerstedella schweinfurthiana (Correll) Hágsater 1981

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 38 No 1 1974 photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Oerstedella schweinfurthiana drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 9 1998 as Oerstedella schweinfurthiana photo fide; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 as Oerstedella schweinfurthiana photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 849 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 871 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 887 Hagsater 2006 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 3 2017 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 photo fide