Lophiaris pumila (Lindl.) Braem 1993


Flower Closeup Photos by Dalton Holland Baptista.

Disected flower Photo by E Schnurr

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Common Name The Dwarf Mule-Ear Lopiaris

Flower Size less than 1/4" [5 to 8 mm]

This is a miniature sized, mule eared, hot to warm growing epiphyte with similarities to L. nanum but has smaller flowers, callus and lip, occurs in Brazil and Paraguay at lower elevetions in hot humid savannahs or in cooler montane forests with clustered, small, broadly ovoid, compressed pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, coriaceous, suberect, oblong to ligulate, subacute leaf and blooms in winter and spring with a short branched, erect, to 6" [8 to 15 cm] long, densely multi-flowered inflorescence with coriaceous, ovate, acute bracts and small campanulate flowers. This species likes to be kept dry between watering so a cork mount is perfect if given bright light, hot to cool temperatures with year round water and a drier winter rest.

Synonyms Epidendrum ligulatum Vell. 1931; Lophiarella pumila (Lindl.) Szlach., Mytnik & Romowicz 2006; Oncidium minutiflorum Schltr. 1925; Oncidium pumilum Lindley 1825; Trichocentrum pumilum (Lindl.) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2001

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Oncidium pumilum; Das Pflanzanreich Regni Vegetabilis Conspectus Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as Oncidium pumillum; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Oncidium pumilum; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1977 as Oncidium pumilum drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 as Oncidium pumilum photo fide; *Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 1/2 1993; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994 as Oncidium pumilum; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 33 - 36 2057 - 2308 Brieger 1997 photo good; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Mora 1999 as Excluded taxa; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 2 2001 as Trichocentrum pumilum; 100 Orquideas Argentinas Freuler 2005 as Oncidium pumilum photo ok; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; Oncidium Vol 2 Koniger 2005; The Pictoral Encyclopedia of Oncidium Zelenko 2002; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 photo ok; Harvard Papers in Botany Vol 21 #2 Cetzal-Ix Carnevalli and Romero-Gonzalez 2016 Synopsis of the Trichocentrum Clade photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 3 2017 as Trichocentrum pumilum drawing fide;