Hemipilia graminifolia (Rchb.f.) Y.Tang, H.Peng & T.Yukawa 2015 Hemipilia sect. Ponerorchis Y. Tang & H. Peng 2015 Type for the section

Photo by Eric Hunt, plant grown by Dale Martin

Plant and Flowers in situ Japan

Photos by Hisanori Takeuchi and his Orchids of the World Website

Part sun Cold LATERSpringSummer

Common Name The Grass-Like Leaved Hemipilia

Flower Size 3/8" [1.2cm]

Found in Japan as a small sized, cold growing terrestrial with 2, irregular tubers giving rise to basal, suberect, cauline, linear leaves that blooms in the later spring and summer on an erect, to 18" [to 45 cm] long, congested, many flowered inflorescence

Synonyms Gymnadenia graminifolia (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1878; Gymnadenia rupestris Miq. 1866; Orchis graminifolia (Reichb.f.) Tang & Wang 1940; Orchis graminifolia var. chidori (So) M.Hiroe 1971; Orchis graminifolia ( Rchb.f. ) Tang & Wang var. suzukiana Ohwi 1969; Orchis rupestris (Miq.) Schltr. 1919; Orchis rupestris var. chidori So 1929; Ponerorchis graminifolia Reichb.f. 1852

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as Ponerorchis graminifolia drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 2 1960 as O rupestris photo good; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Gymnadenia graminifolia; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #9 1975 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985 as Ponerorchis graminifolia photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 66 #3 2002 photo fide;

Ponerorchis graminifolia var. suzukiana (Ohwi) So 1975 Photo byPatricia Harding

A color variety of the preceding species.

Synonyms *Orchis graminifolia ( Rchb.f. ) Tang & Wang var. suzukiana Ohwi 1969; Ponerorchis suzukiana ( Ohwi ) J.M.H.Shaw 2003

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 #4 2006 photo fide; Phylogeny and classification of the East Asian Amitostigma alliance (Orchidaceae: Orchideae) based on six DNA markers Ying Tang, Tomohisa Yukawa, Richard M Bateman, Hong Jiang & Hua Peng 2015 Photo fide