!Hsenhsua chrysea (W.W.Sm.) X.H.Jin, Schuit., W.T.Jin & L.Q.Huang 2014

Photo by Magnus Liden

Fragrant Part sun ColdSummer

Common Name The Yellow Hsenhsua - In China Huang Hua Xiao Hong Men Lan

Flower Size .8 to 1.2" [2 to 3 cm]

Found in southern and southwestern Xizang and northwestern Yunnan provinces of China and eastern Himalayas in open grassy meadows at elevations of 3970 to 4270 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cold growing epiphyte with a globose tuber giving rise to a stem enveloped by 1 to 2, leafless sheaths below and 2 basal, subopposite, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, acute leaves and bracteate above that blooms in the summer on an erect, single flowered inflorescence with a large, leaf-like, oblanceolate, acute, shorter to longer than the ovary floral bract and carryijg fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Chusua chrysea (W.W.Sm.) P.F.Hunt 1971; *Habenaria chrysea W.W.Sm.1921; Orchis chrysea (W.W.Sm.) Schltr. 1924; Ponerorchis chrysea (W.W.Sm.) So 1966

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 as Chusa chrysea; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 as Orchis chrysea photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as Ponerorchis chrysea; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 as Ponerorchis chryseadrawing fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;