Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997 Photo by Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website

Another Inflorescence

Photo courtesy of Th. Pain and the Orchids of France and Europe

FragrancePart sunCool to Cold Spring

O tridentata Group

Common Name The Three-Toothed tridentata

Flower Size about 5/8" [2.75 cm]

Found from Portugal, Spain, Balearic Islands, France, Corsica, Sardinia, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Crimea, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq and Iran as a small to medium sized, cold to cool growing terrestrial orchid with erect stems carrying 3 to 4, oblong to ovate-lanceolate, unmarked, glacous green leaves that become sheath-like towards the apex that blooms in the spring on a conical to ovoid, to 2" [5 cm] long, densly many flowered inflorescence with weakly scented flowers.

Synonyms Neotinea commutata (Tod.) R.M.Bateman 2003; Neotinea tridentata subsp. commutata (Tod.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997; Neotinea tridentata var. commutata (Tod.) Kreutz 2007; Odontorchis commutata (Tod.) Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers 2010; Odontorchis tridentata (Scop.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Orchis aetnensis Tineo 1844; Orchis aetnensis var. laxiflora Tod. ex Guss. 1844; Orchis brevilabris Fisch. & C.A.Mey. 1854; Orchis cercopitheca Poir. 1798; Orchis commutata Tod. 1842; Orchis ennensis Guss. ex Tineo 1817; Orchis gussonei Tod. 1845; Orchis lactea f. burnatii Briq. 1910; Orchis lactea var. ennensis (Guss. ex Tineo) Nyman 1882; Orchis mauri Jord. ex Cortesi 1903; Orchis parlatoris Tineo 1817; Orchis parviflora Ten. 1811; Orchis ricasoliana Parl. 1860; Orchis scopolii Timb.-Lagr. 1855; Orchis simia Vill. 1787; Orchis taurica Lindley 1835; Orchis tridentata Scopoli 1772; Orchis tridentata f. albiflora A.Terracc. 1910; Orchis tridentata f. alcicornis Landwehr 1977; Orchis tridentata f. brachyloba Waisb. 1891; Orchis tridentata f. chersonesensis Turrill 1924; Orchis tridentata f. grandiflora 1910; Orchis tridentata f. submilitaris Schur 1866; Orchis tridentata f. unidentata Waisb. 1891; Orchis tridentata lusus albiflora Waisb. 1891; Orchis tridentata lusus linearis Waisb. 1891; Orchis tridentata subsp. angelica A.Alibertis 2011; Orchis tridentata var. aetnensis (Tineo) Nyman 1882; Orchis tridentata var. commutata (Tod.) Rchb.f. 1851; Orchis tridentata var. gussonei (Tod.) Nyman 1882; Orchis tridentata var. parlatoris (Tineo) Nyman 1882; Orchis tridentata var. variegata Rchb. f.; Orchis variegata All. 1785; Orchis variegata var. submilitaris Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 639 (1866

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list as Neotina tridentata, IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Orchis tridentata; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Orchis tridentata drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Orchis tridentata photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 2 1986 as Orchid tridentata photo; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 as photo fide; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005 as Orchis tridentata

Neotinea tridentata subsp. conica (Willd.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

Photo courtesy of Th.Pain and the Orchids of France and Europe

Part sunCool to Cold LATE Winterand Spring

O tridentata Group

Common Name The Conical Neotinea

Flower Size 3/4" [1.8 cm]

Found in Portugal, Spain, Balearic Islands, France, Sardinia, Sicily, Italy, Malta, Algeria and Morocco in short, poor grasslands, open garrigue and open woodlands up to 800 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold to cool growing terrestrial orchid with a basal rosete, of 3 to 8, unmarked, glaucose green, lanceolate leaves and 1 to 3, bract-like cauline leaves above that blooms in the late winter and spring on a dense, initially conical and short, sometimes becoming long-subglobular, many flowered inflorescence..

Synonyms Neotinea commutata (Tod.) R.M.Bateman 2003; Neotinea commutata var. angelica (A.Alibertis) P.Delforge 2012; Neotinea conica (Willd.) R.M.Bateman 2003; Neotinea conica f. gelpiana F.M.Vzquez 2009; Neotinea conica f. rosea F.M.Vzquez 2009; Neotinea conica var. ricardina F.M.Vzquez 2008; Neotinea conica var. saenzii F.M.Vzquez 2008; Odontorchis conica (Willd.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein 2008; Orchis broteroana Rivas Goday & Bellot 1946; Orchis conica Willdenow 1805; Orchis globosa Brot. 1804; Orchis lactea subsp. conica (Willd.) Kreutz 2004; Orchis lactea subsp. broteroana (Rivas Goday & Bellot) Rivas Goday 1964; Orchis lactea var. conica (Willd.) H.Baumann & R.Lorenz 2005; Orchis pusilla Tyteca 1984; Orchis tridentata subsp. conica (Willd.) O.Bols & Vigo 2001

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005

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