!Pachystoma pubescens Blume 1825

TYPE for the genus Photo by Orchid Website

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of J Comber, André Schuiteman, Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Partial Shade Hot Cool Winter Spring

Common Name or Meaning The Hairy Pachystoma - in Australia - The Pink Kunai Orchid - In Thailand Wan hua khao nio - Haew chakhuru - Munitana - Wan hua chadusai - In China Fen Kou Lan

Flower Size 1/2" [1.1 cm]

Found in western Himalayas, lower India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Assam, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan and Yunnan provinces of China, Andaman Islands, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, the Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, New Guinea, Northern Territories and Queensland Australia, Taiwan and New Caledonia at elevations of 50 to 1800 meters in lowlands, grasslands and in dry rice fields as a medium to large sized, hot to cool growing terestrial with underground tubers giving rise to narrowly linear, longitudinally folded leaves that blooms in the winter and spring without leaves on a direct from the tubers, often more than one per, 26 to 32" [40 to 80 cm] long, 10 to 20 flowered inflorescence with many lanceolate, acute sheaths and linear, acute floral bracts.

Synonyms Apaturia chinensis Lindl. 1831; Apaturia lindleyana Wight 1851; Apaturia montana Lindl. 1831; Apaturia senilis Lindl. 1831; Apaturia smithiana Lindl. 1831; Epipactis scariosa Buch.-Ham. 1831; Eulophia hirsuta J.Joseph & Vajr. 1975 publ. 1978; Eulophia hirsuta T.P.Lin 1987; Eulophia holtzei F.Muell. 1889; Graphorchis holtzei (F.Muell.) Kuntze 1891; Neottia pantanis Korth. ex Blume 1856; Pachychilus chinensis (Lindl.) Blume 1856; Pachychilus montanus (Lindl.) Blume 1856; Pachychilus pantanus Blume 1856; Pachychilus pubescens (Blume) Blume 1856; Pachychilus senilis (Lindl.) Blume 1856; Pachychilus smithianus (Lindl.) Blume 1856; Pachychilus speciosus Blume 1858; Pachystoma affine Schltr. 1912; Pachystoma brevilabium Schltr. 1921; Pachystoma chinense (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1855; Pachystoma chinense var. formosanum (Schltr.) S.S.Ying 1977; Pachystoma edgworthii Rchb.f. 1852; Pachystoma formosanum Schltr. 1919; Pachystoma fortunei Rchb.f. 1852; Pachystoma gracile Schltr. 1906; Pachystoma hirsuta (J.Joseph & Vajr.) C.S.Kumar & Manilal 1987; Pachystoma holtzei (F.Muell.) F.Muell. 1892; Pachystoma josephi Rchb.f. 1852; Pachystoma lindleyanum (Wight) Rchb.f. 1855; Pachystoma ludaoense S.C.Chen & Y.B.Luo 2002; Pachystoma montanum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1855; Pachystoma pantanum (Blume) Miq. 1859; Pachystoma papuanum Schltr. 1912; Pachystoma parvifolium Rchb.f. 1862; Pachystoma pubescens var. gracile (Schltr.) N.Hallé 1977; Pachystoma senile (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1858; Pachystoma smithianum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1858; Pachystoma speciosum (Blume) Rchb.f. 1858; Pachystoma wightii Rchb.f. 1862

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as P chinese; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as P speciosum; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as P smithianum; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as P lindleyanum; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as P montanum; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as P senile; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as P senile drawing ok; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Pachystoma senile; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing ok; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1912/85 as P affine drawing fide; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1912/85 as P papuanum drawing fide; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing not Spathoglottis ?; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as P senile drawing/photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as P senile drawing good; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 43-46 Thuniinae etc 1984 as Pachystoma senile drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 43-46 Thuniinae etc 1984 drawing fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991 as P senile; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing/photo fide; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2002 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 photo good; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as Pachystoma hirsutum; Flora Malesiana: Orchids of New Guinea Vol 5 Schuiteman & D de Vogel 2008; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide;