!Panarica prismatocarpa [Rchb.f] Withner & Harding 2004

TYPE for the genus Photo by Lourens Grobler

Another Flower Photo by Jay Pfahl

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Allen Black

Plant and Flowers Photo courtesy of Joseph Dougherty


Common Name The Prism-Shaped Seedpod Panarica

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama in lower montane cloud forests on larger tree branches at elevations of 1200 to 3300 meters as a large-sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte with elongate, conic pseudobulbs partially enveloped basally by a few scarious sheaths and carrying 2 to 3 apical, oblong-elliptic, basally conduplicate and clasping leaves carrying bright, long lasting, fragrant flowers in the spring, summer and fall on an apical, erect, to 15" [37.5 cm] long, densly to loosely, few to many [6 to 35] flowered raceme subtended by a papery basal sheath and arising on a newly matured pseudobulb carrying long-lasting waxy, fragrant flowers.

Similar to P neglecta but differs in the epiphytic habit, shorter pseudobulbs, a dense inflorescence, no apical swelling to the ovary, larger fragrant flowers and glabrous sepals on the dorsal side.

Synonyms Encyclia prismatocarpa (Rchb. f.) Dressler 1961; Epidendrum maculatum hort.; *Epidendrum prismatocarpum Rchb. f. 1852; Epidendrum uro-Skinneri hort.; Prosthechea prismatocarpa (Rchb. f.) W.E. Higgins 1997; Pseudencyclia prismatocarpa (Rchb.f.) V.P.Castro & Chiron 2003

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 10: 729. 1852 as E prismatocarpum; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1863 as Epidendrum prismatocarpum drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Epidendrum prismatocarpum photo ok; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum prismatochilum drawing fide; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 38. Panama Schlechter 1922 as Epidendrum prismatocarpum; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum prismatocarpum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Epidendrum prismatocarpum; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 5 1957 Drawing as Epidendrum prismatocarpum; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 3 1962 photo as Epidendrum prismatocarpum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum prismatocarpum; AOS Bulletin Vol 398 No 5 1969 photo; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 3/4 1977/8 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 3 1980 photo; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1427 Atwood 1992 drawing fide; *The Cattleyas and Their Relatives, the Debateable Epidendrum Withner and Harding 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 2 2005 photo as Encyclia prismatocarpa; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 5 2005 photo as Encyclia prismatocarpa; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 6 2006 photo; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 as Prosthechea prismatocarpa photo fide;