!Paphiopedilum insigne[Lindley]Pfitz 1888

TYPE for the genusSUBGENUS Paphiopedilum SECTION Paphiopedilum Karasawa & Saito 1982

Plant and Flowers

A Peloric Clonal oddity Photos by Holger Perner

LATE and

Common Name The Splendid Paphiopedilum - In China Bo Ban Dou Lan

Flower Size 4 to 5" [10 to 12.5 cm]

This is a small to medium sized, humus epiphytic species with 5 to 6 strap-shaped, clear green leaves that are minutely bilobed apically growing on limestone outcroppings at an elevation of 1000 to 2000 meters in India, Bangladesh and Nepal and is a cool growing plant that flowers in the late fall and winter on a terminal, erect, to 12" [30 cm] long, one and occasionally 2 flowered, dark green brown, purple-pubescent inflorescence that has an ovate, pubescent, glabrous floral bract and does not need a winter rest. This species has been used extensively in hybridizing.

Synonyms Cordula insignis Raf. 1838; Cypripedium chantini hort.; *Cypripedium insigne Wall. ex Lindl. 1824; Cypripedium insigne var. albomarginatum Desbois 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. amesianum Desbois 1898; Cypripedium insigne var. amoenum Desbois 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. aureoalbum Desbois 1898; Cypripedium insigne var. biflorum Desbois 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. chantinii Rolfe 1866; Cypripedium insigne var. cypheri Van Geert 1889; Cypripedium insigne var. duvalii Desbois 1898; Cypripedium insigne var. elegantissimum Pucci 1891; Cypripedium insigne var. forstermanii Desbois 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. giganteum Desbois 1898; Cypripedium insigne var. gracile Desbois 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. holzhausenianum Desbois 1898; Cypripedium insigne var. kimballianum Desbois 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. madouxianum Desbois 1898; Cypripedium insigne var. maulei T.Moore 1861; Cypripedium insigne var. maulei-superbum Desbois 1898; Cypripedium insigne var. maximum Desbois 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. moensii Desbois 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. mooreanum Desbois 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. nilsonii Desbois 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. pynaertii Desbois 1898; Cypripedium insigne var. rubrum-maculatum Desbois 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. rubrum-marginatum Desbois 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. sanderae Rchb.f. 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. sanderianum Rolfe 1893 Cypripedium insigne var. speciosum Desbois 1898; Cypripedium insigne var. sylhetense Desbois 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. tresederi Desbois 1898; Cypripedium insigne var. veitchianum Rob. 1874; Cypripedium maulei hort.; Paphiopedilum insigne f. sanderae (Rchb.f.) O.Gruss & Roeth 1999; Paphiopedilum insigne f. sanderianum (Rolfe) O.Gruss & Roeth 1999; Paphiopedilum insigne var. albomarginatum (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. amesianum (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. amoenum (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. aureoalbum (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. biflorum (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. chantinii (Rolfe) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. cypheri (Van Geert) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. elegantissimum (Pucci) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. forstermanii (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. giganteum (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. gracile (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. holzhausenianum (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. kimballianum (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. madouxianum (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. maximum (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. moensii (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. mooreanum (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. nilsonii (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. pynaertii (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. rubrum-maculatum (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. rubrum-marginatum (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. speciosum (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. sylhetense (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. tresederi (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum insigne var. wallacei (Desbois) Pfitzer 1903; Paphiopedilum macfarlanei F.G.Mey. 1934

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as var aureum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as P insigne var chantini; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as P insigne var hallianum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as P insigne var kimballianum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as P insigne var maulei; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as P insigne var nilsonii; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Cypripedium insigne drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 5 1958 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 10 1963; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo good; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 2 1970; Die Orchideen #1 tafel 1-2 Rudolph Schlechter 1970 photo ok; Die Orchideen #3 9-12 tafel 4 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 drawing ok; Orchid Digest Vol 38 no 6 1974 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 6 1980 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 45 No 4 1981 photo fide; Orchid Digest 51 Vol 1 1987 as P insigne var maulei photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 51 No 2 1987 as P insigne var maulei photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 55 No 3 1991 as P insigne var maulei photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 4 1995 Photo; Orchid Digest Vol 59 No 3 1995 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 1 1996 photo; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Oasis Vol 1 No 2 2000 photo; Orchid Australia Vol 12 No 5 2000 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 39 2000; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 11 2002 drawing; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 3 Tanaka 2007; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 ; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photo ok;

!Paphiopedilum insigne forma sanderae[Rchb.f] Braem 1999 SUBGENUS Paphiopedilum SECTION Paphiopedilum Karasawa & Saito 1982 Photo by Geoff Hands

A yellow color form.

Synonyms Cypripedium insigne var. sanderae Rchb.f. 1888; Cypripedium insigne var. sanderianum Rolfe 1893; Paphiopedilum insigne f. sanderae (Rchb.f.) O.Gruss & Roeth 1999; Paphiopedilum insigne f. sanderianum (Rolfe) O.Gruss & Roeth 1999; *Paphiopedilum insigne var sanderae Rchb.f 1888

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as P insigne var sanderae; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as P insigne var sanderianum; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 9 1997 photo; Oasis Vol 1 No 4 2000 as P insigne album; Australian Orchid Review Vol 65 No 6 2000 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 8 2006 photo;

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