Paphiopedilum villosum (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1895 SUBGENUS Paphiopedilum SECTION Paphiopedilum Karasawa & Saito 1982

Another Color Form Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding Another color Form Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt

Full shadeCold to Cool LATER Fall THROUGHSpring

Common Name The Hirsute Paphiopedilum - In China Zi Mao Dou Lan - In Thailand Rongthao nari inthanon, Ueang khai kai, Ueang khang kop, Ueang maeng phu, Ueang inthanon

Flower Size 5 to 6" [12.5 to 15 cm]

This large sized, cool to cold growing, clump forming humus epiphytic species or rare lithophyte with clear yellow green leaves is found in Assam India, Myanamar, Thailand; Southern China, Laos and Vietnam in primary, evergreen, wet, closed, mixed and broadleafed, highland cloud forests on tree forks or clumps of ferns 10 to 15 meters above the ground or rarely on cliff faces as a lithophyte at altitudes of 1100 to 2100 meters in areas with abundant rainfall. This species is charachterized by having 4 to 5 narrowly lanceolate to linear-ligulate, suberect, dark yellow green, purple spotted beneath near the base of the leaves and is unequally, acutely bilobed apically. It blooms on a suberect to arcuate, terminal, to 12" [30 cm] long, dark green with purple, pubescent inflorescence with an elliptic, glabrous, green spotted maroon floral bract that is as long as the ovary and a single, glossy flower in the fall.

Synonyms Cordula villosa [Lindley] Rolfe 1912; * Cypripedium villosum Lindl. 1854; Paphiopedilum densissimum Liu & Chen 2002; Paphiopedilum macranthum Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen 2002; Paphiopedilum villosum f. aureum Braem 1998; Paphiopedilum villosum f. annamense (Rolfe) Braem in G.J.Braem, C.O.Baker & M.L.Baker 1999; Paphiopedilum villosum f. fuscoroseum (Aver.) O.Gruss & M.Wolff 2007; Paphiopedilum villosum var. annamense Rolfe 1907; Paphiopedilum villosum var. densissimum (Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen) Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen 2009; Paphiopedilum villosum var. fuscoroseum Aver. 2002; Paphiopedilum villosum var. fuscoviride Aver. 2002

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Cypripedium villosum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as P villosum var aureum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 P villosum var boxallii; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Cypripedium villosum drawing good; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfadden & Smitnand 1959 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 2 1970 photo; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 drawing fide; Die Orchideen #3 9-12 tafel 4 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 36 No 4 1972 drawing fide; Beautiful Thai Orchid Species Kamemoto & Sagarik 1975 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 9 1979 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 44 no 6 1980 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 59 No 3 1995 photo fide; Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen Mori 1997; Orchids of Borneo Wood, Shim & Lamb Vol 3 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 3 1998 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 65 No 6 2000 photo as P villosum f aureum; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 39 2000; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 1 Tanaka 2003; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 4 2004 photo as P densissmum; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 6 2005 photo; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 6 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 76 No 3 2007 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 71 No 3 2007 photo; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 3 Tanaka 2007; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Orchids of Vietnam, Illustrated survey, part 1 Averyanov 2008; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing/photo fide

Paphiopedilum villosum ( Lindl. ) Stein forma annamensis [Rolfe] Braem 1999 Subgen Paphiopedilum Sec. Paphiopedilum Karasawa & Saito 1982 Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding

Another Clone Photo courtesy of Uri Baruk

Found in Laos, Northern Vietnam and southwestern China at elevations of 1200 to 2000 meters as a medium sized epiphyte in moonsoon, evergreen, broadleafed and coniferous, closed, primary, montane forests on acidic silicate rocks forests and blooms mostly in the late winter and early spring but is possible at any time of the year on a dark green, pubescent with long dark purple hairs, to 6" [to 15 cm] long inflorescence. This species differs from the norm by having narrower suberect leaves and a smaller flower with a dorsal sepal that is white witha dark purple-brown central streak blotched with pale green or yellow

Synonyms Paphiopedilum villosum var. annamense Rolfe 1907

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchid Digest Vol 51 No 2 1987 drawing/ photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 39 2000; Orchid Digest Vol 71 No 3 2007 photo; Orchids of Vietnam, Illustrated survey, part 1 Averyanov 2008; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide;

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