Phaius flavus (Blume) Lindl. 1856 Photo by Lourens Grobler.

Another Angle Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding

Flower Color Form Photo courtesy of Jean Claude George

Plant and flowers in situ Cameron Highlands Malaysia

to and

Common Name Yellow Flowered Phaius - in Japan Ganzeki-ran - In China Huang Hua He Ding Lan

Flower Size 3" [7.5 cm]

A medium sized, cold to warm growing terrestrial from the humid shady floors of broadleafed, evergreen primary forests in soils dampened by mists, on moss covered logs in scrub and in splash along steep watercourses in the Assam, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, China, Laos, Vietnam, Java, Moluccas, the Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, New Guinea, New Caledonia, Samoa, Vanuatu, Taiwan, Ryukyu Isalnds and Japan at elevations of 200 to 3400 meters, with conical to ovoid-cylindric pseudobulbs carrying 3 to 8, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, plicate, yellow to white spotted leaves and blooms on a to 3' [90 cm] tall, erect, basal, laxly several to many flowered inflorescences with persistent bracts and several to many, yellow, long lived, fragrant flowers that occur in the winter and spring.

Synonyms Bletia flava Wallace ex Lindl. 1831; Bletia woodfordii Hook. 1827; Hecabe lutea Raf. 1836; Limodorum crispum Reinw. ex Blume 1856; *Limodorum flavum Blume 1825; Phaius bracteosus Rchb. f. 1857; Phaius celebicus Schltr. 1911; Phaius crispus Blume 1856; Phaius flavus f. punctatus (Ohwi) K.Nackej. 1981; Phaius flexuosus Blume 1856; Phaius indigoferus Blume 1842; Phaius linearifolius Ames 1912; Phaius maculatus Lindley 1828; Phaius minor Blume 1856; Phaius minor f. punctatus Ohwi in ?; Phaius platychilus Rchb. f. 1857; Phaius somai Hayata 1916; Phaius undulatomarginata Hayata 1914; Phaius undulatomarginatus Hayata 1914; Phaius woodfordii (Hook.) Merr. 1948

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as Phaius platychilus drawing fide; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as P indigioferus; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as P bracteosus; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as P platychilus; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Phajus maculatus drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java figuren atlas J.J.Sm. 1908 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Phaius maculatus drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 as P minor; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1979; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 1 1980 photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 43-46 Thuniinae etc 1984 photo fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984 Phaius linearfolius; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing/photo fide; The Orchids of Nagaland Deoranis and Naithani 1995 drawing good; The Orchids of Samoa Cribb & Whistler 1996; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand VAddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; The Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 phot ofide; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 2 2004 photo; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora Malesiana: Orchids of New Guinea Vol 5 Schuiteman & D de Vogel 2008; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Taiwan An Illustrated Guide Lin & Wang 2014 photos fide; Wild Orchids of Myanmar Tuanggyi 2014 photo fide;