Pleurothallis tribuloides (Sw.) Lindl. 1830 SUBGENUS Specklinia SECTION Tribulodes Luer 1986

Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Plant and Flowers

Photo by © Ken Rossman and his Orchid Photo Homepage

Closeup of flowers

Photo by © Dale and Deni Borders.

Plant with flower and developing seed pod.

Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Plant with seed pods

Photo by © Noble Bashor.

Plant in situ Panama

Photo by © Wilfried Löderbusch.

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Common Name The Thorny Pleurothallis [Refers to the spiny seed pods]

Flower Size 1/4" [5 to 8 mm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Jamaica and Surinam as a miniature sized, hot to cool growing densly caespitose, unifoliate epiphytic species found at altitudes of 300 to 1300 meters in dense, wet, evergreen or deciduous forests growing on oaks in open fields that blooms in the late summer and fall on an apical, short to 1/4", few [to 4], succesively flowered, racemose, inflorescence that holds the flowers close to the base of the subcoriaceous, elliptic-oblanceolate, apiculate, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaf and subtended by a very short ramicaul enveloped basally by 2 to 3 tubular sheaths.

The flower can have a cockleshell burr-like appendage at it's base, this being the forming seed pod. After the flower has disappeared the seed pod matures and turns dark bluegreen.

Give this species hot to cool temperatures, mounted or potted in a well draining medium, year round water and moderate to heavy shade.

Synonyms Cryptophoranthus acaulis Krzl.; Cryptophoranthus tribuloides (Sw.) A. Dietr. 1984; Cymbidium tribuloides [Sw.] Spreng. 1826; Dendrobium tribuloides Sw 1806; *Epidendrum tribuloides Sw. 1788; Humboldtia tribulodes (Lindl.) Kuntze; Humboltia tribulodes (Sw.) Kuntze 1891; Pleurothallis fallax Rchb.f 1855; Pleurothallis spathulata A. Rich. & Gal. 1845; Specklinia tribuloides (Sw.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Tribulago tribuloides (Sw.) Luer 2004

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as P fallax; Xenia Orchidaceae Vol 3 Reichenbach 1894 drawing fide; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 24. Panama Schlechter 1922; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 196. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1952; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979 as Cryptophoranthus acaulis; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1128 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Catologo Descriptivo de Las Orquideas Cubanas Acuna 1987; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1484 Atwood 1992 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 11 1993 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 12 1995 photo fide; Orchids of Jamaica Gloudon & Tobisch 1995 photo fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Specklinia tribuloides; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Systematics and evolution of the genus Pleurothallis R. Br. (Orchidaceae) in the Greater Antilles Hagen Stenzel 2004 as P tribuloides drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Luer 2004 as Tribulago tribuloides; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 as Tribulago tribuloides photo fide; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez Lopez & Dressler 2005 as Specklinia tribulariodes photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Tribulago tribuloides drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 11 2008; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 as Specklinia tribuloides photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 drawing fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 as Specklinia tribuloides photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #7 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #8 2016 photo ok; Diversity of Pleurothallidinae in Guatemala: An Endangered Orchid Subtribe with High Economic and Horticultural Potentials Edgar Mo Mo, Cetzal, Basu and Vega 2017 as Specklinia tribuloides photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Specklinia tribularioides; Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 as Specklnia tribuloides photo fide