Pollardia varicosa [Lindl.] Withner & Harding 2004

Photos by © Pupulin, Used under permission of Epidendra Website CR


Common Name The Veined Pollardia

Flower Size to about 1" [to about 2.5 cm]

Endemic to Jalisco, Michoacan, Guerrero, Morelos, Oaxaca, Vera Cruz, Puebla, and Hidalgo states of Mexico, this small sized, cool to cold growing epiphytic, terrestrial or lithophytic species occurs at 1500 to 2800 meters in elevations in wet forests of oak and pine-oak with ovoid-fusiform to ovoid-elliptic pseudobulbs that extend apically to a thin neck and carrying 2 to 3, apical, elliptic-oblong, to elliptic-lanceolate, acute or subacute leaves and has an inflorescence that is apical, erect or arching from 1 1/2 to 20" [75 to 80 cm] long, simple and has from 4 to 25 fragrant, longlasting, glossy textured flowers that blooms mostly in the winter or summer.

Chiapas Mx. and Honduras, 1370 to 2400 meters in elev., Montebello Lakes area, terrestrial in shade of large rocks.

Synonyms Encyclia chiriquensis (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1918; Encyclia phymatoglossa (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1918; Encyclia varicosa (Bateman ex Lindl.) Schltr. 1918; Encyclia varicosa subs lieobulbon [Hkr.] Dressler & Pollard 1971; Encyclia varicosa var. leiobolbon (Hook.) M.Wolff & O.Gruss 2007; Epidendrum chiriquense Rchb. f. 1852; Epidendrum leiobulbon Hook. f. 1841; Epidendrum lunaeanum A. Rich. ex Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum phymatoglossum Rchb. f. 1852; Epidendrum quadratum Klotzsch 1850; Epidendrum ramirezzi Gojon Sanchez 1930; *Epidendrum varicosum Bateman ex Lindl. 1838; Prosthechea varicosa (Bateman ex Lindl.) W. E. Higgins 1997; Pseudencyclia varicosa (Bateman ex Lindl.) V.P.Castro & Chiron 2003

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as Epidendrum varicosum drawing fide; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as Epidendrum phymatoglossum drawing fide; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as Epidendrum chiriquense drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Epidendrum varicosum; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as EPidendrum varicosum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Epidendrum varicosum; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as Epidendrum varicosum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum varicosum; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum varicosum drawing/photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Epidendrum varicosum drawing fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985 as Encyclia varicosa; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Encyclia varicosa drawing good; Orquideas del Estado de Morelos ORQUÍDEA (MÉX.) VOLUMEN 16 NÚMERO ÚNICO enero 2002 as Prosthechea varicosa drawing/photo fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as Prosthechea varicosa; *Cattleya and Their Relatives Vol 7 Withner & Harding 2004 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 as Prosthechea varicosaphoto fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 9 2008 photo as Pseudoencyclia [sic] varicosa; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 as Prosthechea varicosa photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Pseudencyclia varicosa