Prosthechea boothiana [Lindl.] Higgins 1997


Plant and flowers

Photos courtesy of Jay Pfahl


Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Common Name Booth's Prosthechea [English Gardener 1800's] - The Dollar Orchid -

Found in Florida, Bahamas, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Caymans, Mexico, Guatemala and Belize in dry scrub forest and tropical deciduous forests as a miniature to small sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte found from sea level to 1500 meters in elevation with suborbicular, compressed, lusterous yellow green pseudobulbs carrying 1 to 3 apical, oblanceolate, acute to obtuse, rigid leaves that are always pulled to one side that blooms in the summer, fall and winter on an apical, 2 to 10" [5 to 25 cm] long, simple inflorescence arising from a newly formed pseudobulb that is longer than the leaves and has 1 to 5, long-lived, waxy flowers.

This species is commonly called the dollar orchid for the shape of it's pseudobulbs.

It grows best on a wood or cork mount in semi shade.

Synonyms Diacrium bidentatum (Lindl.) Hemsl. 1884; Encyclia bidentata [Lindl] Hags, Arenas 1993; Encyclia bidentata subs erythronioides [Small] Hags 1993; Encyclia boothiana (Lindl.) Dressler 1961; Encyclia boothiana subs boothiana 1961; Encyclia boothiana subsp. erythronioides (Small) Hágsater ex Christenson 1996; Encyclia boothiana var. erythronioides (Small) Luer 1971; Epicladium boothianum [Lindl.] Small 1913; Epidendrum bidentatum Lindley 1838; Epidendrum boothianum Lindley 1838; Epidendrum boothianum subs erythroniioides [Small] Luer 1971; Epidendrum erythronioides Small 1903; Hormidium boothianum (Lindl.) Brieger 1960; Prosthechea bidentata (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins 1997; Prosthechea boothiana subs erythronioides [Small] Higgins 1999; Prosthechea boothiana var. erythronioides (Small) W.E.Higgins 1998; Prosthechea boothiana var. erythronioides (Small) Nir 2000; Pseudencyclia boothiana (Lindl.) V.P.Castro & Chiron 2003

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Epidendrum boothianum; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1862 as Epidendrum boothianum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum boothianum; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum boothianum; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum favoris; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as Epidendrum boothianum; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 3 1962 as Epidendrum boothianum; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 #8 1964 as Epidendrum boothianum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum boothianum, Flora de Venezuela Vol XV Tercera Parte Foldats 1970 as Epidenrum boothii; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 as Encyclia boothiana drawing/photos fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #5 1975 as Encyclia boothiana var erythroniodesphoto fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #8 1975 as Encyclia boothiana; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as Hormidium boothianum; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 4 1985 as Encyclia boothiana photo fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985 as Encyclia boothiana; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 10 1993 photo fide; Orquídea (Méx.) 13(1-2): 215-218.Hagsater 1993 as Encyclia bidentata; Orquídea (Méx.) 13(1-2): 215-218.Hagsater 1993 as Encyclia bidentata subsp erythronioides; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Harvard Pap. Bot. 5 #2: Carnevali etal. 2001; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 4 2002 photo fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives vol 6 Withner & Harding 2005 photo fide; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Pseudencyclia boothiana