Prosthechea vitellina [Lindl] Higgins 1997 Photo by Jay Pfahl

Inflorescence Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Plants and Flowers in situ in Mexico

Plant in situ in Mexico Photo by Weyman Bussey.


Common Name The Yolk-Yellow Prosthechea - In Mexico - "Manuelitos"

Flower Size 1 1/4" [3 cm]

Found in Mexico, Nicaragua and Honduras, in oak, pine/oak, and scrub around lava flows and cloud forests at altitudes of 1400 to 2600 meters as a medium sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte that blooms in the spring through fall on a apical, 12" to 18" cm [30 to 45cm] long, simple to few branched inflorescence that has a basal sheath and arises on a mature, conical-ovoid, slightly compressed pseudobulb with two, apical, subcoriaceous, narrowly elliptic, obtuse leaves carrying 4 to 12, long-lived, orange to deep scarlet, showy, resupinate, wide open flowers and requires a dry winter rest ending with the onset of new growth in the early spring.

Synonyms Encyclia vitellina (Lindl.) Dressler. 1961; *Epidendrum vitellinum Lindl. 1831; Epidendrum vitellinum var autumnale Wilson 1913; Epidendrum vitellinum var giganteum Warner 1887-8; Epidendrum vitellinum var majus Veitch 1866; Hormidium vitellina [Lindl] Brieger 1977; Pseudencyclia vitellina (Lindl.) V.P.Castro & Chiron 2003

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Epidendrum vittelinum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Epidendrum vitellinum; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum vittelina drawing fide; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum vitellinum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum vitellinum; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Hormidium vitellinum photo fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum vitellinum drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979 as Encyclia vittelina; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Epidendrum vitellinum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 1 1983 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 7 1985 photo as Encyclia vittelina; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 as Encyclia vittelina photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Encyclia vitellina drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum I Plate 25 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 as Encyclia vitellina drawing fide; Orchid Australia Vol 12 No 5 2000 photo; The Cattleya and Their Relatives Vol 7 The Debateable Epidendrum Withner & Harding 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 8 2006 photo; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 as Prosthechea vittelina photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide