Prosthechea vitellina [Lindl] Higgins 1997 publ. 1998

Photo by Jay Pfahl ©


Photo by © Eric Hunt

Plants and Flowers in situ in Mexico

Plant in situ in Mexico

Photo by © Weyman Bussey.


Common Name The Yolk-Yellow Prosthechea - In Mexico - "Manuelitos"

Flower Size 1 1/4" [3 cm]

Found in Mexico, Nicaragua and Honduras, in oak, pine/oak, and scrub around lava flows and cloud forests at altitudes of 1400 to 2600 meters as a medium sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte that blooms in the spring through fall on a apical, 12" to 18" cm [30 to 45cm] long, simple to few branched inflorescence that has a basal sheath and arises on a mature, conical-ovoid, slightly compressed pseudobulb with two, apical, subcoriaceous, narrowly elliptic, obtuse leaves carrying 4 to 12, long-lived, orange to deep scarlet, showy, resupinate, wide open flowers and requires a dry winter rest ending with the onset of new growth in the early spring.

Synonyms Encyclia vitellina (Lindl.) Dressler. 1961; *Epidendrum vitellinum Lindl. 1831; Epidendrum vitellinum var autumnale Wilson 1913; Epidendrum vitellinum var giganteum Warner 1887-8; Epidendrum vitellinum var majus Veitch 1866; Hormidium vitellina [Lindl] Brieger 1977; Pseudencyclia vitellina (Lindl.) V.P.Castro & Chiron 2003

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Epidendrum vittelinum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Epidendrum vitellinum; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum vittelina drawing fide; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum vitellinum; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as Epidenrum vittelinum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum vitellinum; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Hormidium vitellinum photo fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum vitellinum drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as Hormidium vittelina; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979 as Encyclia vittelina; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979 as Encyclia vittelina; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Epidendrum vitellinum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 1 1983 as Epidendrum vitellinum majus drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 7 1985as Encyclia vittelina photo fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 as Encyclia vittelina photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Encyclia vitellina drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum I Plate 25 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 as Encyclia vitellina drawing fide; Manual of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb, & Launert 1992 as Encyclia vittelina photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 60 #1 1996 photo fide; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 photo fide; Orchid Australia Vol 12 No 5 2000 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 66 #2 2002 as Epidendrum vittelinum drawing fide; The Cattleya and Their Relatives Vol 7 The Debateable Epidendrum Withner & Harding 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 8 2006 photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 as Prosthechea vittelina photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 78 #4 2014 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as Pseudencyclia vitellina