Psilochilus macrophyllus (Lindl.) Ames 1922

Inflorescence and plant Photos by Franco Pupulin.

Inflorescence and plant Photo by .

Full ShadeHot Cool SpringSummer

Common Name The Large Leafed Psilochilus

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in the Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Cuba, Jamaica, the Windward Islands, Trinidad & Tobago, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Costa Rica, Guyana, Venezuela and Peru in dense cloud forests at elevations of 500 to 2200 meters as a small to medium sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial with a creeping rhizome giving rise to 2 to 6, ovate-cordate to ovate-oblong, acute to acuminate, variegated, petiolate base leaves that blooms on a terminal, racemose, 1 to 3" [2.5 to 7.5 cm] long, successively 1 to 8 flowered inflorescence occurring in the winter, spring and summer.

This genus is widespread but not common and as such it is hard to find good information with good drawings about each species. I am fairly sure that all the photos within Psilochilus [At present three species are represented here but there are a total of 7] are correct for the genus but the species is in question.

Synonyms *Pogonia macrophylla Lindl. 1858

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Pogonnia macrophylla; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing hmm; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 drawing good; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940; The Orchids of Guatemala and Belize, Ames & Correll 1952; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 9 1958 drawing; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of Peru, First Supplement Schweinfurth 1970; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1142 Hamer 1984 drawing ok; An Orchid Flora of Peurto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing ok; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Laramendi 2005; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo good