!Psychilis bifida (Aubl.) Sauleda 1988

Alba Form Photos courtesy of Linda & Mikael Karlbom in Stockholm/Sweden and their website

to MAINLYto

Common Name The Two Cleft Psychilus

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found on northern Hispanola as a medium to giant sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with crowded, narrowly conical, tranversely 2 to 4 ringed pseudobulbs carrying 3 apical, basally clasping, linear, acute leaves that blooms mainly in the spring and summer on a terminal, erect, slender, terete, to 4' [to 120 cm] long, peduncle ending in a few branched, many flowered fractiflex rachis with many membraneous, narrowly triangular, acuminate floral bracts.

An elixer made from the pseudobulbs of this species has been used to combat tapeworms.

Synonyms Encyclia bifida (Aubl.) Britton & P.Wilson 1930; Encyclia ekmanii (Mansf.) Dod 1983; Encyclia papilionacea (Vahl) Schltr. 1919; Epidendrum auropurpureum Lindl. 1831; *Epidendrum bifidum Aubl.1775; Epidendrum ekmanii Mansf. 1926; Epidendrum papilionaceum Vahl 1793; Epidendrum papilionaceum var. grandiflorum Cogn. 1910; Psychilis amena Raf. 1838

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum papilionaceum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum papilionaceum var grandiflorum; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Epidendrum papilionaeceum not = P correllii; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 4 1959 as Epidendrum bifidum; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 6 1978 as Epidendrum bifidum; *Phytologia Vol 65, No 1 1988; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 8 1997 photo; Orchidaceae Antillinae Nir 2000; The Cattleya and Their Relatives Vol 4 Withner 1996 photo good

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------