!Psychopsis papilio [Lindley]H.G.Jones 1975 Photo by © Alexander Moron

Another Flower Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Lip Detail Side View Photo by © Andrew Krukov

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Common Name The Butterfly Psychopsis

Flower Size 5 to 6" [12.5 to 15 cm]

A medium sized, hot to warm growing, epiphytic species found in Trinidad & Tobago, Panama, French Guiana, Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia and Northern Brazil in lower montane forests, with flat, round, bilaterally compressed, brown, wrinkled psuedobulbs mottled with red blotches and carrying a single, apical, rigidly erect, oblong to oblong-elliptic, obtuse, dark green mottled with purple or red leaf that produces single flowers from a basal, 2 to 5 foot [60 to 120 cm] long, successive opening spike that has triangular bracts and can flower for years if left alone so do not cut them as they can alos produce plantlets. I find that they prefer shady humid well watered conditions, but not to be kept too wet in the winter as the new growths will damp off with fungus.

Synonyms *Oncidium papilio Lindley 1825; Oncidium papilio f. latourae (Broadway) A.D.Hawkes 1952; Oncidium papilio var. albiflorum Rchb.f. ex Lindl. 1855; Oncidium papilio var. latourae Broadway 1927; Oncidium papilio var. limbatum Hook. 1839; Oncidium papilio var. majus F.Buyss. 1878; Psychopsis latourae (Broadway) H.G.Jones 1976; Psychopsis papilio f. latourae (Broadway) Lückel & Jenny 1999; Psychopsis papilio var. albiflora (Rchb.f. ex Lindl.) Lückel & Jenny 1999; Psychopsis papilio var. latourae (Broadway) Lückel & Braem 1982; Psychopsis picta Raf. 1838

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1853 as Oncidium papilio; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Oncidium papilio; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Oncidium papilio photo fide; Das Pflanzanreich Regni Vegetabilis Conspectus Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as Oncidium papilio; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 4 1957 as Oncidum papilio photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 7 1958 as Oncidium papilio drawing fide; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as Oncidium papilio drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 9 1963 as Oncidium papiliophoto fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 10 1963; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Oncidium papilio; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967 as Oncidium papilio; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 No 1 1968 as Oncidium papilio photo fide; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Part 5 Foldats 1970 as Oncidium papilio drawing fide; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Oncidium papilio photo fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 appendix; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 1 1977 as Oncidium papilio; Orquideologia Vol 14 No 1 1979 as Oncidium papilio photo good; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Oncidium papilio drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 9 1982 as Oncidium papilio drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 8 1985 as Oncidium papilio photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 9 1986 as Oncidium papiliophoto fide; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 as Oncidium papilio photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 3 1987 as Oncidium papilio photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela Dunsterville 1987 drawing/photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 4 COS 1992 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; AOS Bulletin No 63 No 11 1994 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 11 1995 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 7 1997 as Oncidium papillio photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 33 - 36 2057 - 2308 Brieger 1997 drawing fide; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 6 1998 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 67 No 3 2002 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 1 2002 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 #8 2002 postage stamp fide; The Pictoral Encyclopedia of Oncidium Zelenko 2002; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 9 2006 photo fide; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; AOS Bulletin Vol 76 No 3 2007 photo fidxe; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 8 2008 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 1 2009 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 73 #1 2009 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 73 #2 2009 as P papilio var aurea photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 27 #2 2010 photo fide; Orchids of Brazil Vol 1 Oncidinae Baptista, Harding & Neto 2011 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #3 2016 as Oncidium papilio drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #11 2016 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #12 2016 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 81 #2 2017 photo fide;

Psychopsis papilio [Lindley]H.G.Jones 1975 var alba Photo by Sandra Wawrzyniak and www.orchidmania.pl

A color form of the previous species.

Synonyms Oncidium papilio f. latourae (Broadway) A.D.Hawkes 1952; Oncidium papilio var. latourae Broadway 1927; Psychopsis latourae (Broadway) H.G.Jones 1976; Psychopsis papilio f. latourae (Broadway) Lückel & Jenny 1999; Psychopsis papilio var. latourae (Broadway) Lückel & Braem 1982;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 #6 1998 as P papilio var latourae photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 1 2009 photo; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide as P papillio var flava; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #11 2016;

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