!Renanthera coccinea Lour. 1790

Photo by Dalton Holland Baptista

Full sun Hot Cool Spring

Common Name The Scarlet Renanthera - In Thailand - Wai daeng - In China Huo Yan Lan

Flower Size 2 to 2 1/2" [5 to 6.25 cm]

Found in Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Guangxi, Hainan and Yunnan provinces of China on open rocks and bluffs at elevations of 100 to 1200 meters as a giant sized, hot to cool growing monopodial lithophyte in full sun or epiphyte in primary forests with a simple to branched, elongate, stout stem carrying many 2 ranked, thick, fleshy, oblong to shortly lorate leaves that blooms in the spring on an axillary, lateral, paniculate, 2 to 3' [60 to 90 cm] long, divaricate, laxly several to many flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Epidendrum renanthera Raeusch. 1797; Gongora philippica Llanos 1859

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/95; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 4 1958 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1963 drawing good; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; Beautiful Thai Orchid Species Kamemoto & Sagarik 1975 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 21 1165 - 1328 Brieger 1988; Opera Botanica #95 Seidenfaden 1988 drawing/photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Oasis Vol 1 No 1 2000 photo; Orchids Australia Vol 12 No 6 2000 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 7 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 11 2005 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013 ; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 6 Epidendrodeae pt 3 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2014; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #1 2016 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;