!Restrepiella ophiocephala (Lindl.) Garay & Dunst. 1966

Photo by © Eric Hunt

Another Flower

Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Red Flower cultivar

Photo by © Dale and Deni Borders.

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Common Name Snake's Head Restrepiella

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

This is a medium sized, cool to warm growing epiphyte from Mexico to Costa Rica as well as occasionally in South Florida in damp, lower montane forests with rivers, margins of swamp forest and coffee plantations at elevations of 40 to 1600 meters with a short creeping rhizome and stout, well clustered, erect cylindric stems mostly covered with tubular sheaths that carries a single, elipticv-lanceolate, acute, gradually narrowing below into the conduplicate, shortly petiolate base leaf at the apex and carrying basally, a large tubular spathe at the leaf base from which the short, ringent, fasciculate inflorescence arises from the ramicaul without an annulus with 1 to 4 flowers at a time, and with more that appear successively after the last has faded. This species blooms in the winter and spring and likes to be evenly moist year round.

Synonyms *Pleurothallis ophiocephala Lindl. 1838; Pleurothallis peduncularis Hook. 1841; Pleurothallis puberula Klotzsch 1854; Pleurothallis stigmatoglossa Rchb. f. ex Lindl. 1859; Restrepia ophiocephala (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1854; Restrepiella ophiocephala f. clausa I.Bock 1996

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; Bonplandia 2(7): 88. 1854 as Restrepia ophiocephala; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1952 as Pleurothallis ophiocephala; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Pleurothallis ophiocephala; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 No 11 1968 as Pleurothallis ophiocephala photo fide; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 drawing/photos fideLas Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #8 1975; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 7 385 - 448 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1145 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; Systematics of the Pleurothallidinae Vol 1 Luer 1986; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Lepanthospsis, Octomeria subgenus Pleurothallopsis, Restrepiella, Salpistele and Teagueia Vol 8 1991; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1488 Atwood 1992 drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 3 1998 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42-43 pg 2624 - 2756 Brieger 2001; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing fide; Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018