!Sarcoglottis acaulis (Sm.) Schltr. 1919

Flower Closeup

Side View Of Flower

Photos byDanny Lentz ©, plant grown by the Atlanta Botanical Garden


Photo courtesy of Weyman Bussey


Common Name The Stemless Sarcoglottis

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found from El Salvador, Guatemala, Costa Rica, the Windwards, Trinidad and Tobago, Fr Guiana, Guyana, Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazill in tropical wet montane forests at elevations of sealevel to 1200 meters as a small to giant sized, deciduous leafed, terrestrial orchid that is warm to cool growing and has a basal rosette of obovate-elliptic, acute to subacute, velvety green above and duller green mottled with white below leaves that blooms in the winter on an erect, racemose, to 30" [75 cm] long, pubescent, several [5 to 10] flowered inflorescence with erect, lanceolate, acute bracts that are longer than the ovary.

Synonyms Arethusa picta A. Anderson 1807; Gyrostachys picta (Anders.) Kuntze 1891; Gyrostachys sarcoglottis Kuntze 1891; Narica moschata Raf. 1837; *Neottia acaulis Sm. 1806; Neottia picta [And.] R. Br. 1813; Neottia picta [And.] Sims 1813; Sarcoglottis allemanii Barb.Rodr. 1881; Sarcoglottis picta (And.) Klotzsch 1842; Sarcoglottis picta var. variegata Klotzsch 1842; Sarcoglottis speciosa C. Presl 1827; Spiranthes acaulis (Sm.) Cogn. 1895; Spiranthes acaulis var. picta (Anderson) Teusch 1974; Spiranthes allemanii (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn. 1895; Spiranthes picta [And.] Lindl. 1824; Spiranthes speciosa (C. Presl) Lindl. 1840; Synoplectris picta (Sims) Raf. 1813; Synoplectris picta (Anderson) Raf. 1837

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Spiranthes acaulis; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Spiranthes picta drawing hmm; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II Hoehne 1945 as S picta drawing ok; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Spiranthes acaulis; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Spiranthes acaulis; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as Spiranthes acaulis drawing good; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 as Spiranthes acaulis drawing not; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 6 321 - 384 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975 drawing/photo hmm; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as Spiranthes acaulis drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing as Spiranthes acaulis ok/photo hmm; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing ok; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 5 1979 as Spiranthes acaulis; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979 as Spiranthes acaulis; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing good; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 282 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing good; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1150 Dodson 1984 drawing ok; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 Orchidaceae Mc Vaugh 1985 as Spiranthes acaulis; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo ok; Orquideologia Vol 17 No 3 1988 as S pictaphoto plant only fide; photo plant only fide; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo ok; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 561 Bennett & Christenson 1998 as S speciosa drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 2 1999 as S picta photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 2 1999 photo; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 5 Dodson 2004 drawing/photo hmm seems very similar to what I have as S grandiflora; Orchid Species Of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #5 2010 as S speciosa photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018