!Satyrium bicorne (L.) Thunb. 1794 SUBGENUS Satyrium

Plant and Flower in situ Photos by Tyrone Genade

Inflorescence Photo by Malcolm Thomas of Australia

Common Name The Two-Horned Satyrium [refers to the typical twin floral spurs] In South Africa - Ewwa-Trewwa - Goue-trewwa - Ouma-trewwa - Rooi-trewwa - Lang-trewwa

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

This small to large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial occurs in the Cape Province of South Africa in sandy bush and grasslands in the open or partly shaded locations at elevations of 200 to 1200 meters with 2, almost round basal leaves laying on the ground and sheathing leaves all along the stem that blooms in the spring on a terminal, erect, racemose, laxly several to many [4 to 30] flowered inflorescence with spectacular bracts that fold down to view the non-resupinate, fragrant flowers better.

Synonyms Diplecthrum cucullatum Pers. 1807; Diplecthrum cuculliflorum Salisb. 1812; *Orchis bicornis L. 1760; Satyrium cucullatum Sw. 1800

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora of Tropical East Africa Part 1 Summerhayes 1968; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 5 257- 320 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1974; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 9 1982 photo fide; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation La Croix 1997; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzwell 1999 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 1 2000 photo good; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000; The Cape Orchids Vol 2 Liltved & Johnson 2012 photo fide;