Satyrium carneum (Dryand.) Sims 1812 SUBGENUS Satyrium

Plant and Flowers in situ

Alba Variety in situ

Photos by Cameron McMaster

Flower Closeup

Smaller Plant in situ South Africa

Larger Plant in situ South Africa

Photos by Tyrone Genade

Fragrant Full SunColdSpring

Common Name or Meaning The Fleshy Satyrium - Rooi-kappie - Rooi-trewwa - Ewwa-trewwa

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in eastern to southeastern South Africa among sand dune brush, in fynbos on coastal hills and on ridges on moist to dry sands and limestones as a medium to large sized, cold growing terrestrtial arising from bifid tubers giving rise to 2 to 4, thick, fleshy, lowest 2 adpressed to the ground, gradual transition above to the sheaths above leaves that blooms in the spring on a stout, dense, 10" [25 cm] long, 19 to 38 flowered inflorescnece with partly deflexed, minutely ciliate bracts that are almost 2 times as long as the ovary and carries fragrant flowers

Synonyms *Orchis carnea Dryand. 1789; Orchis foliacea Burm.f. 1768;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 5 257- 320 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1974; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 #3 1993 photo fide; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation La Croix 1997; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzwell 1999 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 1 2000 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 photo fide; The Cape Orchids Vol 2 Liltved & Johnson 2012 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 83 #11 2014 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #3 2016 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 83 #2 2019 photo fide;