Satyrium coriifolium Sw. 1800 SUBGENUS Satyrium

Photo by Tyrone Genade ©

Plant and Flowers in situ South Africa

Photo by Cameron McMaster©

Full SunColdLATEWinterSpring

Common Name or Meaning The Leather-Like Leafed Satyrium

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in southwestern and southern Cape Province South Africa in sandy, moist, open flats at elevations up to 300 [750] meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with a stiffly erect, stout stem carrying 2 to 4, erect to spreading, purple spotted towards the sheathing base, stiffly coriaceous, elliptic to ovate, acute leaves that blooms in the late winter and early spring on an erect, terminal, 7 to 20 flowered inflorescence with deflexed, 2 to 3 times the length of the ovary and carrying non-resupinate, unscented flowers.

Synonyms Diplectrum coriifolium (Sw.) Pers.1807; Diplectrum erectum Pers.1807; Orchis bicornis L. 1763; Orchis calcarata Burm.f. 1768; Orchis cornuta Houtt. 1780; Satyrium aureum Paxton 1849; Satyrium chrysostachyum Herschel 1838; Satyrium cucullatum Lodd. 1818; Satyrium erectum (Pers.) Lindl. 1838

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 5 257- 320 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1974; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 9 1982 photo fide; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation La Croix 1997 photo fide; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzwell 1999 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 1 2000 photo fide; The Cape Orchids Vol 2 Liltved & Johnson 2012 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 83 #3 2014 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 83 #11 2014 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #3 2016 drawing fide;