Satyrium crassicaule Rendle 1895 SUBGENUS Leptocentrum

Another Color

Photos by P Linder and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website


Common Name The Thick Stem Satyrium

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Nigeria, Cameroon, Burundi, Rwanda, Zaire, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia in damp grasslands and swamps often by streams and sometimes actually in the water and in open forests in the bamboo zone at elevations of 1850 to 3300 meters as a medium to giant sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with an erect, leafy throughout stem carrying 8 to 13, spreading to erect, in a tuft towards the base, the upper ones smaller and well spaced, ligulate, acute, somewhat ribbed leaves that blooms mostly in the late spring on a terminal, erect, 2 to 16" [5 to 40 cm] long, densely many flowered inflorescence with each flower with a conspiculously leaf bract and carrying spreading to curved outwards, non-resupinate flowers

Synonyms Satyrium fischerianum Kraenzl. 1898; Satyrium goetzenianum Kraenzl. 1898; Satyrium kirkii Rolfe 1898; Satyrium mystacinum Kraenzl. 1898; Satyrium niloticum Rendle 1895; Satyrium usambarae Kraenzl. 1902

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 photo good; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 1 Summerhayes 1968 drawing ; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 drawing/photo fide; Flore D'Afrique Centrale [Zaire- Rwands - Burundi] Orhidaceae Premeir parte Geerink 1984 drawing fide; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Part 1 Orchidaceae Pope 1995 drawing ok; Orchids of Kenya Stewart & Campbell 1996 photo good; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rassmussen 2004;