Satyrium ligulatum Lindl. 1838 SUBGENUS Satyrium Photos by Marland Holderness and his Flickr Website

Plant and Flowers in situ Cape Province South Africa Photo by Cameron McMaster

Fragrant Full sun Cold Spring

Common Name The Spoon-Shaped Satyrium

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Cape Province, Natal and Orange Free State in coastal scrub, woodlands and moist to marshy flats among grass at elevations of 70 to 2000 meters in full sun as a miniature to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with 1 to 4, lower ground hugging leaves grading smaller up the stem that blooms in the spring on an erect, terminal, to 5 to 13.2" [2 to 33 cm] long, 4 to 85 flowered inflorescence with deflexed, lanceolate 1.5 to 3 times longer than the ovary floral bracts and carrying highly fragrant flowers

Synonyms Satyrium emarcidum Bolus 1885

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo good; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999 photo fide; The Cape Orchids Vol 2 Liltved & Johnson 2012 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 83 #2 2019 photo fide;