Satyrium macrophyllum Lindl. 1838

SUBGENUS Macrophyllum

Photo by Robert von Blittersdorff and West African Plants Website


Photo by Hubert Kurzweil ,

Fragrance full sun Cool Cold Summer THROUGHFall

Common NameThe Large Leafed Satyrium

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Zaire, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Cape Province and Natal South Africa in local colonies on moist grassy slopes and flats at eleations of 350 to 1800 meters as a robust, small to giant sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with 2 to 3, semi-erect leaves that abruptly transitions to the leaf sheaths above that blooms in the summer through fall on an erect, terminal, 2.8 to 16" [7 to 40 cm] long, 20 to 90 flowered inflorescence and carrying faintly fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Satyrium brachyrhynchum Schltr. 1915; Satyrium buchananii Rolfe 1898; Satyrium cheirophorum Rolfe 1898; Satyrium morrumbalaensis De Wild. 1904; Satyrium speciosum Rolfe 1898

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as S speciosum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 1 Summerhayes 1968 as S cheirophorum; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 as S cheirophorum photo good; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; Flore D'Afrique Centrale [Zaire- Rwands - Burundi] Orhidaceae Premeir parte Geerink 1984 as S morrumbalense; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 1 Pope 1995; Orchids of Kenya Stewart & Campbell 1996 photo fide; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation La Croix 1997 photo fide; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999 drawing fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 photo fide; Terrestrial African Orchids, A select Review John S. Ball 2009 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #10 2015 photo fide;